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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Exercise and Health > An 8-week randomized controlled trial on the effects of brisk walking, and brisk walking with abdominal electrical muscle stimulation on anthropometric, body composition, and self-perception measures in sedentary adult women

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7997
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Title: An 8-week randomized controlled trial on the effects of brisk walking, and brisk walking with abdominal electrical muscle stimulation on anthropometric, body composition, and self-perception measures in sedentary adult women
Authors: Anderson, Ailsa
Murphy, Marie H.
Murtagh, Elaine M.
Nevill, Alan M.
Citation: Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 7(6): 1-8
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2006
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7997
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.04.003
Additional Links: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6W6K-4K66F3F-1&_user=1644469&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000054077&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=1644469&md5=25e4ff6cc9609681fb8f15e32a1e5747
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effects of an 8-week program of regular brisk walking, regular brisk walking with abdominal electrical muscle stimulation (EMS), and no exercise on hierarchical self-perceptions, and consider the mediating role of changes in anthropometric measures and body composition. Methods: Thirty-seven sedentary healthy women (mean age ¼ 38.1; SD ¼ 9.3) provided written informed consent and participated in baseline testing on a range of anthropometric, body composition, and hierarchical self-perception measures. Subsequently participants were randomly assigned to an 8-week program of walking (n ¼ 13), walking+EMS (n ¼ 14), or a control (n ¼ 10) condition. At 8 weeks anthropometric, body composition and self-perception measures were re-assessed. Results: In comparison with the control group, both walking groups had significant reductions in a number of anthropometric measures and improvements in self-perception measures. The improvements on both anthropometric measures and self-perceptions were greater for the walking+EMS condition, which indicated that changes in self-perception might be mediated by body changes. However, an assessment of the mediation effect between changes in anthropometric measures and self-perception changes did not support this finding.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Brisk walking
Body composition
Sedentary adult women
Muscle stimulation
Anthropometric measurements
Self-perception
Randomized controlled trial
Tide effects
Females
Anthropometry
ISSN: 1469-0292
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Exercise and Health
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

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