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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Sport Performance > Do judges enhance home advantage in European championship boxing?

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7759
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Title: Do judges enhance home advantage in European championship boxing?
Authors: Balmer, Nigel J.
Nevill, Alan M.
Lane, Andrew M.
Citation: J Sports Sci 2005, 23(4):409-16
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2005
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7759
PubMed ID: 16089185
Additional Links: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/rjsp/2005/00000023/00000004/art00008
Abstract: There have been many examples of contentious points decisions in boxing. Professional boxing is scored subjectively by judges and referees scoring each round of the contest. We assessed whether the probability of a home win (and therefore home advantage) increased when bouts were decided by points decisions rather than knockouts. Overall, we found that bouts ending in points decisions had a significantly higher proportion of home wins than those decided by a knockout, though this effect varied across time, and controlling for relative quality of boxers was only effective when using more recent data. Focusing on these data, again the probability of a home win was higher with a points decision and this effect was consistent as "relative quality" varied. For equally matched boxers ("relative quality" = 0), expected probability of a home win was 0.57 for knockouts, 0.66 for technical knockouts and 0.74 for points decisions. The results of the present study lend general support to the notion that home advantage is more prevalent in sports that involve subjective decision-making. We suggest that interventions should be designed to inform judges to counter home advantage effects.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Home advantage
Boxing
European championship
Judging
Sporting events
Scoring
ISSN: 0264-0414
1466-447X
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Sport Performance
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

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