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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Molecular Pharmacology Research Group > The hepatitis B virus X protein activates nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT) by a cyclosporin A-sensitive pathway.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7705
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Title: The hepatitis B virus X protein activates nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT) by a cyclosporin A-sensitive pathway.
Authors: Lara-Pezzi, Enrique
Armesilla, Angel Luis
Majano, Pedro L.
Redondo, Juan Miguel
López-Cabrera, Manuel
Citation: The EMBO Journal, 17(23): 7066-7077
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 1998
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7705
DOI: 10.1093/emboj/17.23.7066
PubMed ID: 9843511
Additional Links: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1171054&blobtype=pdf
Abstract: The X gene product of the human hepatitis B virus (HBx) is a transcriptional activator of various viral and cellular genes. We recently have determined that the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by HBV-infected hepatocytes is transcriptionally up-regulated by HBx, involving nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT)-dependent activation of the TNF-alpha gene promoter. Here we show that HBx activates NF-AT by a cyclosporin A-sensitive mechanism involving dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of the transcription factor. Luciferase gene expression assays demonstrated that HBx transactivates transcription through NF-AT-binding sites and activates a Gal4-NF-AT chimeric protein. DNA-protein interaction assays revealed that HBx induces the formation of NF-AT-containing DNA-binding complexes. Immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that HBx induces the nuclear translocation of NF-AT, which can be blocked by the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A. Furthermore, immunoblot analysis showed that the HBx-induced activation and translocation of NF-AT are associated with its dephosphorylation. Thus, HBx may play a relevant role in the intrahepatic inflammatory processes by inducing locally the expression of cytokines that are regulated by NF-AT.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: X gene
Hepatitis B virus
TNF-alpha
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
ISSN: 0261-4189
Appears in Collections: Molecular Pharmacology Research Group

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