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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Molecular Pharmacology Research Group > Vascular endothelial growth factor activates nuclear factor of activated T cells in human endothelial cells: a role for tissue factor gene expression.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7704
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Title: Vascular endothelial growth factor activates nuclear factor of activated T cells in human endothelial cells: a role for tissue factor gene expression.
Authors: Armesilla, Angel Luis
Lorenzo, Elisa
Gómez del Arco, Pablo
Martínez-Martínez, Sara
Alfranca, Arantzazu
Redondo, Juan Miguel
Citation: Molecular and Cellular Biology, 19(3): 2032-2043
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Issue Date: 1999
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7704
PubMed ID: 10022890
Additional Links: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=83996&blobtype=pdf
Abstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic inducer that stimulates the expression of tissue factor (TF), the major cellular initiator of blood coagulation. Here we show that signaling triggered by VEGF induced DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and AP-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). VEGF also induced TF mRNA expression and gene promoter activation by a cyclosporin A (CsA)-sensitive mechanism. As in lymphoid cells, NFAT was dephosphorylated and translocated to the nucleus upon activation of HUVECs, and these processes were blocked by CsA. NFAT was involved in the VEGF-mediated TF promoter activation as evidenced by cotransfection experiments with a dominant negative version of NFAT and site-directed mutagenesis of a newly identified NFAT site within the TF promoter that overlaps with a previously identified kappaB-like site. Strikingly, this site bound exclusively NFAT not only from nuclear extracts of HUVECs activated by VEGF, a stimulus that failed to induce NF-kappaB-binding activity, but also from extracts of cells activated with phorbol esters and calcium ionophore, a combination of stimuli that triggered the simultaneous activation of NFAT and NF-kappaB. These results implicate NFAT in the regulation of endothelial genes by physiological means and shed light on the mechanisms that switch on the gene expression program induced by VEGF and those regulating TF gene expression.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
Endothelial Growth Factor
Endothelial Cells
Tissue Factor
Gene Expression
T-cell activation
ISSN: 0270-7306
Appears in Collections: Molecular Pharmacology Research Group

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