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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Exercise and Health > Does living in urban or rural settings affect aspects of physical fitness in children? An allometric approach.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7206
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Title: Does living in urban or rural settings affect aspects of physical fitness in children? An allometric approach.
Authors: Tsimeas, P.D.
Tsiokanos, A.L.
Koutedakis, Yiannis
Tsigilis, N.
Kellis, S.
Citation: British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(9): 671-674
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine
Issue Date: 2005
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/7206
DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.017384
PubMed ID: 16118308
Additional Links: http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/39/9/671
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate physical fitness in relation to fatness in urban and rural Greek children by means of allometric scaling. METHODS: The sample consisted of 360 (189 urban and 171 rural; age 12.3+/-0.42 years) boys and 247 (125 urban and 122 rural; age 12.3+/-0.43 years) girls. The sample was highly representative (32-64%) of all 12 year old children registered in the prefecture of Trikala, Greece. All volunteers were assessed for BMI and % body fat, as well as sit and reach, basketball throw (BT), vertical jump (VJ), handgrip strength (HG), 40 m sprint, agility run, and 20 m shuttle run. To correct for possible associations between fatness and fitness, a single cause allometric scaling was employed using the natural logarithms (ln) of fitness parameters that were significantly correlated with the ln body fat. RESULTS: Independent-samples t tests revealed that VJ (p<0.05) was significantly higher in boys living in urban settings compared to their rural counterparts. Similarly, BT was found to be significantly better (p<0.05) in urban girls, whereas HG was significantly higher (p<0.05) in rural girls. CONCLUSION: Considering that (a) only three out of the 14 possible cases (seven fitness parameters for boys and seven for girls) were significantly different between urban and rural children, and (b) these differences were not uniformly distributed in children living in either urban or rural environments, it is concluded that the place of residence has no clear impact on physical fitness as studied herein.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Running
Sprinting
Sports Medicine
Greece
Jump height
Children
Body Mass Index
Fitness
Allometric scaling
ISSN: 1473-0480
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Exercise and Health

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