The Influence of a Pacesetter on Psychological Responses and Pacing Behavior during a 1600 m Run

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620823
Title:
The Influence of a Pacesetter on Psychological Responses and Pacing Behavior during a 1600 m Run
Authors:
Fullerton, Christopher L.; Lane, Andrew M.; Devonport, Tracey ( 0000-0003-4808-244X )
Abstract:
This study compared the effects of following a pacer versus following a self-paced plan on psychological responses and pacing behavior in well-trained distance runners. Pacing in the present study was individually tailored where each participant developed a personal strategy to ensure their goal time was achieved. We expected that following a pacer would associate with goal achievement, higher pre-run confidence, positive emotions and lower perceived exertion during performance. In a mixed-design repeated-measures study, nineteen well-trained runners completed two 1600m running time trials. Ten runners had a pacer (paced group) who supported their individual pacing strategy, and nine participants self-paced running alone (control group). Both groups could check pace using their wrist watch. In contrast to our expectation, results indicated that the paced group reported higher pre-run anxiety with no significant differences in finish time, goal confidence, goal difficulty, perceived exertion, and self-rated performance between groups. We suggest that following a pacer is a skill that requires learning. Following a personalised pacer might associate with higher anxiety due to uncertainty in being able to keep up with the pacer and public visibility of dropping behind, something that is not so observable in a self-paced run completed alone. Future research should investigate mechanisms associated with effective pacing.
Publisher:
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal:
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Issue Date:
Dec-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620823
Additional Links:
http://www.jssm.org/indexy.php
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1303-2968
Appears in Collections:
FEHW

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFullerton, Christopher L.en
dc.contributor.authorLane, Andrew M.en
dc.contributor.authorDevonport, Traceyen
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-03T10:29:19Z-
dc.date.available2017-11-03T10:29:19Z-
dc.date.issued2017-12-
dc.identifier.issn1303-2968en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620823-
dc.description.abstractThis study compared the effects of following a pacer versus following a self-paced plan on psychological responses and pacing behavior in well-trained distance runners. Pacing in the present study was individually tailored where each participant developed a personal strategy to ensure their goal time was achieved. We expected that following a pacer would associate with goal achievement, higher pre-run confidence, positive emotions and lower perceived exertion during performance. In a mixed-design repeated-measures study, nineteen well-trained runners completed two 1600m running time trials. Ten runners had a pacer (paced group) who supported their individual pacing strategy, and nine participants self-paced running alone (control group). Both groups could check pace using their wrist watch. In contrast to our expectation, results indicated that the paced group reported higher pre-run anxiety with no significant differences in finish time, goal confidence, goal difficulty, perceived exertion, and self-rated performance between groups. We suggest that following a pacer is a skill that requires learning. Following a personalised pacer might associate with higher anxiety due to uncertainty in being able to keep up with the pacer and public visibility of dropping behind, something that is not so observable in a self-paced run completed alone. Future research should investigate mechanisms associated with effective pacing.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherJournal of Sports Science and Medicineen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.jssm.org/indexy.phpen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectEmotionen
dc.subjectpacingen
dc.subjectperceived exertionen
dc.subjectrunningen
dc.subjectself-regulationen
dc.titleThe Influence of a Pacesetter on Psychological Responses and Pacing Behavior during a 1600 m Runen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sports Science and Medicineen
dc.date.accepted2017-10-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUoW031117TDen
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/CC BY-NC-ND 4.0en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-12-01en
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