Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur ( Lemur catta )

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620631
Title:
Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur ( Lemur catta )
Authors:
Spiezio, Caterina; Scala, Consuelo; Vaglio, Stefano ( 0000-0003-0885-8573 ) ; Regaiolli, Barbara
Abstract:
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) is an established tool to facilitate animal husbandry, care and research in modern zoos, with potential positive implications for captive animal welfare. The study explored the role of an isolation PRT training programme on the well-being of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Eleven subjects were observed during an isolation training protocol to induce the animals to enter an area (training area) calmly and retrieve rewards separated from group members. Duration of individual and social behaviours were collected over two different periods: the baseline period, before the beginning of the isolation training protocol and the training period, in which the collection of the data started at the end of the isolation training sessions. Additionally, behavioural data within the isolation training sessions (latency to enter the training area and retrieve the reward, display of stress-related behaviours) were recorded. Outside the training sessions, lemurs were out of sight significantly more in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 15.46 ± 5.20) than in the training (Mean ± SD: 4.36 ± 2.89) period. Social behaviour was performed significantly more in the training (Mean ± SD: 31.80 ± 12.34) than in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 12.52 ± 5.14) period; particularly, lemurs were in social contact significantly more in the training (Mean ± SD: 14.09 ± 6.00) than in the baseline period (Mean ± SD: 4.58 ± 2.73). Agonistic behaviours were performed significantly more in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 0.23 ± 0.15) than in the training (Mean ± SD: 0.07 ± 0.07) period. Within the training sessions, all the individuals entered the training area, were isolated from conspecifics, and retrieved the reward in 6 out of 9 sessions. Our findings show that, during the PRT period, lemurs displayed their natural behaviour in their everyday social life with significant increase of their affiliative behaviours and decrease of aggressive behaviours with benefits for their welfare status. Thus, lemurs were able to cope with the use of PRT to isolate each individual from its social group − a situation which, without training, might be very stressful. In conclusion, PRT may play a crucial role for the captive management of ring-tailed lemurs in captive facilities, including zoos.
Citation:
Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur ( Lemur catta ) 2017 Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Issue Date:
Aug-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620631
DOI:
10.1016/j.applanim.2017.07.007
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168159117302289
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0168-1591
Appears in Collections:
FSE

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSpiezio, Caterinaen
dc.contributor.authorScala, Consueloen
dc.contributor.authorVaglio, Stefanoen
dc.contributor.authorRegaiolli, Barbaraen
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-31T08:09:02Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-31T08:09:02Z-
dc.date.issued2017-08-
dc.identifier.citationDoes positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur ( Lemur catta ) 2017 Applied Animal Behaviour Scienceen
dc.identifier.issn0168-1591en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.applanim.2017.07.007-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620631-
dc.description.abstractPositive reinforcement training (PRT) is an established tool to facilitate animal husbandry, care and research in modern zoos, with potential positive implications for captive animal welfare. The study explored the role of an isolation PRT training programme on the well-being of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Eleven subjects were observed during an isolation training protocol to induce the animals to enter an area (training area) calmly and retrieve rewards separated from group members. Duration of individual and social behaviours were collected over two different periods: the baseline period, before the beginning of the isolation training protocol and the training period, in which the collection of the data started at the end of the isolation training sessions. Additionally, behavioural data within the isolation training sessions (latency to enter the training area and retrieve the reward, display of stress-related behaviours) were recorded. Outside the training sessions, lemurs were out of sight significantly more in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 15.46 ± 5.20) than in the training (Mean ± SD: 4.36 ± 2.89) period. Social behaviour was performed significantly more in the training (Mean ± SD: 31.80 ± 12.34) than in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 12.52 ± 5.14) period; particularly, lemurs were in social contact significantly more in the training (Mean ± SD: 14.09 ± 6.00) than in the baseline period (Mean ± SD: 4.58 ± 2.73). Agonistic behaviours were performed significantly more in the baseline (Mean ± SD: 0.23 ± 0.15) than in the training (Mean ± SD: 0.07 ± 0.07) period. Within the training sessions, all the individuals entered the training area, were isolated from conspecifics, and retrieved the reward in 6 out of 9 sessions. Our findings show that, during the PRT period, lemurs displayed their natural behaviour in their everyday social life with significant increase of their affiliative behaviours and decrease of aggressive behaviours with benefits for their welfare status. Thus, lemurs were able to cope with the use of PRT to isolate each individual from its social group − a situation which, without training, might be very stressful. In conclusion, PRT may play a crucial role for the captive management of ring-tailed lemurs in captive facilities, including zoos.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168159117302289en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Applied Animal Behaviour Scienceen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectLemur cattaen
dc.subjectTraining programmeen
dc.subjectCaptive primate behaviouren
dc.subjectAnimal well-beingen
dc.titleDoes positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur ( Lemur catta )en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalApplied Animal Behaviour Scienceen
dc.date.accepted2017-08-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUoW310817SVen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/CC BY-NC-ND 4.0en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-08-05en
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