2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620620
Title:
Laughter and Smiling in 16 Positive Emotions
Authors:
Hofmann, Jennifer; Platt, Tracey ( 0000-0001-6628-7057 ) ; Ruch, Willibald
Abstract:
This study investigated the elicitation of smiling and laughter and the role of facial display regulation markers (e.g., down-regulating of a smile or laugh) in positive emotions. In a structured group conversation setting, the frequency and intensity of Duchenne and non-Duchenne smiles and laughs when telling memories of 16 positive emotions proposed by Ekman [1] were assessed. Facial responses were coded with the Facial Action Coding System (FACS [2]) and laughter vocalizations were assessed. The results show that smiles and laughs occurred in all 16 positive emotions. Laughter occurred most often in amusement and schadenfreude (laughter occurred in 72% and 71% of the recalled emotion memories respectively). Also, the intensity of the smiles and laughs was higher in amusement and schadenfreude than in the other 14 positive emotions. Furthermore, down-regulated displays (i.e., including facial markers counteracting the upward action of the zygomatic major muscle) resembled Duchenne Displays in their intensity. To summarize, more insight is gained into the facial expression of positive emotions, also highlighting the role of laughter. Also, the importance of assessing regulation markers in joy displays when people are in social settings is stressed.
Citation:
Laughter and Smiling in 16 Positive Emotions 2017:1 IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
Publisher:
IEEE Xplore Digital Library
Journal:
IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
Issue Date:
9-Aug-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620620
DOI:
10.1109/TAFFC.2017.2737000
Additional Links:
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8003464/
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1949-3045
Appears in Collections:
FEHW

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Jenniferen
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Traceyen
dc.contributor.authorRuch, Willibalden
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-29T09:24:06Z-
dc.date.available2017-09-01T09:24:06Z-
dc.date.issued2017-08-09-
dc.identifier.citationLaughter and Smiling in 16 Positive Emotions 2017:1 IEEE Transactions on Affective Computingen
dc.identifier.issn1949-3045en
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/TAFFC.2017.2737000-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620620-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the elicitation of smiling and laughter and the role of facial display regulation markers (e.g., down-regulating of a smile or laugh) in positive emotions. In a structured group conversation setting, the frequency and intensity of Duchenne and non-Duchenne smiles and laughs when telling memories of 16 positive emotions proposed by Ekman [1] were assessed. Facial responses were coded with the Facial Action Coding System (FACS [2]) and laughter vocalizations were assessed. The results show that smiles and laughs occurred in all 16 positive emotions. Laughter occurred most often in amusement and schadenfreude (laughter occurred in 72% and 71% of the recalled emotion memories respectively). Also, the intensity of the smiles and laughs was higher in amusement and schadenfreude than in the other 14 positive emotions. Furthermore, down-regulated displays (i.e., including facial markers counteracting the upward action of the zygomatic major muscle) resembled Duchenne Displays in their intensity. To summarize, more insight is gained into the facial expression of positive emotions, also highlighting the role of laughter. Also, the importance of assessing regulation markers in joy displays when people are in social settings is stressed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherIEEE Xplore Digital Libraryen
dc.relation.urlhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8003464/en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to IEEE Transactions on Affective Computingen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectFacial Action Coding Systemen
dc.subjectFacial Expressionen
dc.subjectEmotion Recallen
dc.subjectLaughteren
dc.subjectPositive Emotionsen
dc.subjectSmilingen
dc.titleLaughter and Smiling in 16 Positive Emotionsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Transactions on Affective Computingen
dc.date.accepted2017-08-
rioxxterms.funderEuropean Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013)en
rioxxterms.identifier.projectGrant agreement n°270780 (ILHAIRE project)en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/CC BY-NC-ND 4.0en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-09-01-
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