2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620321
Title:
Inconsistency of decision-making, the Achilles heel of referees
Authors:
Nevill, Alan M.; Hemingway, Alex; Greaves, Rupert; Dallaway, Alex; Devonport, Tracey J. ( 0000-0003-4808-244X )
Abstract:
This study assessed whether decisions made by six qualified referees were consistent when watching the live 2016 televised Champions League Final. Referees were paired off into three separate rooms. Two referees watched the game with no supporters present. Two watched the game surrounded by Real Madrid supporters, and the remaining two watched the game surrounded by Athletic Madrid supporters. Referees were asked to decide whether each decision made by the on-field referee was either correct or incorrect. Results identified two types of refereeing inconsistency. The first type was a systematic tendency of the supporting crowds (both rooms) to influence the adjudicating referees to make fewer incorrect (disagree with the on-field referee) decisions (8 and 5) than referees in the “no supporters” room (19) (χ2 = 11.22 [df = 2], P = 0.004). The second type of inconsistency was the home advantage “bias”, where the surrounding crowd influenced the adjudicating referees to favour their team, by disagreeing with the decision made by the on-field referee (χ2 = 6.0 [df = 2], P = 0.0498). One explanation for these inconsistencies is that referees adopt a coping strategy of “avoidance”, i.e., when faced with difficult decisions, referees simply avoid making unpopular decisions by waving “play on”.
Citation:
Inconsistency of decision-making, the Achilles heel of referees 2016:1 Journal of Sports Sciences
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Journal:
Journal of Sports Sciences
Issue Date:
12-Dec-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620321
DOI:
10.1080/02640414.2016.1265143
Additional Links:
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2016.1265143
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0264-0414, ESSN
Appears in Collections:
Sport Performance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.en
dc.contributor.authorHemingway, Alexen
dc.contributor.authorGreaves, Ruperten
dc.contributor.authorDallaway, Alexen
dc.contributor.authorDevonport, Tracey J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-22T15:00:53Z-
dc.date.available2016-12-22T15:00:53Z-
dc.date.issued2016-12-12-
dc.identifier.citationInconsistency of decision-making, the Achilles heel of referees 2016:1 Journal of Sports Sciencesen
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414, ESSNen
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02640414.2016.1265143-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620321-
dc.description.abstractThis study assessed whether decisions made by six qualified referees were consistent when watching the live 2016 televised Champions League Final. Referees were paired off into three separate rooms. Two referees watched the game with no supporters present. Two watched the game surrounded by Real Madrid supporters, and the remaining two watched the game surrounded by Athletic Madrid supporters. Referees were asked to decide whether each decision made by the on-field referee was either correct or incorrect. Results identified two types of refereeing inconsistency. The first type was a systematic tendency of the supporting crowds (both rooms) to influence the adjudicating referees to make fewer incorrect (disagree with the on-field referee) decisions (8 and 5) than referees in the “no supporters” room (19) (χ2 = 11.22 [df = 2], P = 0.004). The second type of inconsistency was the home advantage “bias”, where the surrounding crowd influenced the adjudicating referees to favour their team, by disagreeing with the decision made by the on-field referee (χ2 = 6.0 [df = 2], P = 0.0498). One explanation for these inconsistencies is that referees adopt a coping strategy of “avoidance”, i.e., when faced with difficult decisions, referees simply avoid making unpopular decisions by waving “play on”.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2016.1265143en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Sports Sciencesen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectCoping strategyen
dc.subjectavoidanceen
dc.subjecthome advantageen
dc.subject; referees’ decision -makingen
dc.titleInconsistency of decision-making, the Achilles heel of refereesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sports Sciencesen
dc.date.accepted2016-11-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUoW221216TJDen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/CC BY-NC-ND 4.0en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-06-30en
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