Stalin Beyond Stalin: A Paradoxical Hypothesis of Communism by Alexandre Kojève and Boris Groys

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620229
Title:
Stalin Beyond Stalin: A Paradoxical Hypothesis of Communism by Alexandre Kojève and Boris Groys
Authors:
Penzin, Alezei
Abstract:
The article aims to undertake an immanent critique of the two heterodox interpretations of Stalin, by Alexandre Kojève and Boris Groys, and their contextualisation in terms of recent theoretical debates on the idea of communism. The article argues that there are implicit correlations of those two interpretations made at different times – in 1930-1940s in France and 1980s-2000s in Germany – by the philosophers-émigrés who, in different biographical ways, had an insider’s perspective on Stalinism. Kojève’s famous concept of “the end of history” was initially addressed to Stalin as “world-historical individual” and the USSR as “universal and homogenous” State, which he defines as a post-historical reality. He also presented Stalin as a post-historical “Sage” who is able to grasp the totality of contradictory positions. Groys radicalises these assumptions in his theory of “really existing” communism as a social formation founded not in the “rule of economics” but in language and in paradoxical thinking, far from any stereotypical views on Soviet theoretical dogmatism. Against the traditional Marxist view of communism as a society without the State (as an apparatus of class oppression), both Kojève and Groys insist on the notion of communism that is linked to an “altered” State – a “homogenous and universal State” in Kojève, and a paradoxical “non-State” in Groys.
Publisher:
Crisis and Critique
Journal:
Crisis and Critique, Volume 3, issue 1
Issue Date:
Mar-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620229
Additional Links:
http://crisiscritique.org/past.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
2311-5475
Appears in Collections:
WIRE (nr)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPenzin, Alezeien
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-24T08:49:30Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-24T08:49:30Z-
dc.date.issued2016-03-
dc.identifier.issn2311-5475-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620229-
dc.description.abstractThe article aims to undertake an immanent critique of the two heterodox interpretations of Stalin, by Alexandre Kojève and Boris Groys, and their contextualisation in terms of recent theoretical debates on the idea of communism. The article argues that there are implicit correlations of those two interpretations made at different times – in 1930-1940s in France and 1980s-2000s in Germany – by the philosophers-émigrés who, in different biographical ways, had an insider’s perspective on Stalinism. Kojève’s famous concept of “the end of history” was initially addressed to Stalin as “world-historical individual” and the USSR as “universal and homogenous” State, which he defines as a post-historical reality. He also presented Stalin as a post-historical “Sage” who is able to grasp the totality of contradictory positions. Groys radicalises these assumptions in his theory of “really existing” communism as a social formation founded not in the “rule of economics” but in language and in paradoxical thinking, far from any stereotypical views on Soviet theoretical dogmatism. Against the traditional Marxist view of communism as a society without the State (as an apparatus of class oppression), both Kojève and Groys insist on the notion of communism that is linked to an “altered” State – a “homogenous and universal State” in Kojève, and a paradoxical “non-State” in Groys.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCrisis and Critiqueen
dc.relation.urlhttp://crisiscritique.org/past.htmlen
dc.subjectAlexandre Kojèveen
dc.subjectBoris Groysen
dc.subject'really existing socialismen
dc.subjectStalinismen
dc.subjectcultural historyen
dc.subjectcontinental philosophyen
dc.subjectMarxismen
dc.subjectdialectical materialismen
dc.subjectthe Stateen
dc.subjectlinguistic turnen
dc.titleStalin Beyond Stalin: A Paradoxical Hypothesis of Communism by Alexandre Kojève and Boris Groysen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalCrisis and Critique, Volume 3, issue 1en
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