Kinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620205
Title:
Kinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners.
Authors:
Warne, Joe P; Smyth, Barry P; Fagan, John O'C; Hone, Michelle E; Richter, Chris; Nevill, Alan M.; Moran, Kieran A; Warrington, Giles D
Abstract:
An evaluation of a six-week Combined minimal footwear transition and gait-retraining combination vs. gait retraining only on impact characteristics and leg stiffness. Twenty-four trained male runners were randomly assigned to either (1) Minimalist footwear transition Combined with gait-retraining over a six-week period ("Combined" group; n = 12) examined in both footwear, or (2) a gait-retraining group only with no minimalist footwear exposure ("Control"; n = 12). Participants were assessed for loading rate, impact peak, vertical, knee and ankle stiffness, and foot-strike using 3D and kinetic analysis. Loading rate was significantly higher in the Combined group in minimal shoes in pre-tests compared to a Control (P ≤ 0.001), reduced significantly in the Combined group over time (P ≤ 0.001), and was not different to the Control group in post-tests (P = 0.16). The impact peak (P = 0.056) and ankle stiffness reduced in both groups (P = 0.006). Loading rate and vertical stiffness was higher in minimalist footwear than conventional running shoes both pre (P ≤ 0.001) and post (P = 0.046) the intervention. There has a higher tendency to non-rearfoot strike in both interventions, but more acute changes in the minimalist footwear. A Combined intervention can potentially reduce impact variables. However, higher loading rate initially in minimalist footwear may increase the risk of injury in this condition.
Citation:
Kinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners. 2016:1-9 J Sports Sci
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Journal:
Journal of sports sciences
Issue Date:
29-Aug-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620205
DOI:
10.1080/02640414.2016.1224916
PubMed ID:
27571390
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0264-0414
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWarne, Joe Pen
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Barry Pen
dc.contributor.authorFagan, John O'Cen
dc.contributor.authorHone, Michelle Een
dc.contributor.authorRichter, Chrisen
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.en
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Kieran Aen
dc.contributor.authorWarrington, Giles Den
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-13T15:29:07Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-13T15:29:07Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-29-
dc.identifier.citationKinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners. 2016:1-9 J Sports Scien
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414en
dc.identifier.pmid27571390-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02640414.2016.1224916-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620205-
dc.description.abstractAn evaluation of a six-week Combined minimal footwear transition and gait-retraining combination vs. gait retraining only on impact characteristics and leg stiffness. Twenty-four trained male runners were randomly assigned to either (1) Minimalist footwear transition Combined with gait-retraining over a six-week period ("Combined" group; n = 12) examined in both footwear, or (2) a gait-retraining group only with no minimalist footwear exposure ("Control"; n = 12). Participants were assessed for loading rate, impact peak, vertical, knee and ankle stiffness, and foot-strike using 3D and kinetic analysis. Loading rate was significantly higher in the Combined group in minimal shoes in pre-tests compared to a Control (P ≤ 0.001), reduced significantly in the Combined group over time (P ≤ 0.001), and was not different to the Control group in post-tests (P = 0.16). The impact peak (P = 0.056) and ankle stiffness reduced in both groups (P = 0.006). Loading rate and vertical stiffness was higher in minimalist footwear than conventional running shoes both pre (P ≤ 0.001) and post (P = 0.046) the intervention. There has a higher tendency to non-rearfoot strike in both interventions, but more acute changes in the minimalist footwear. A Combined intervention can potentially reduce impact variables. However, higher loading rate initially in minimalist footwear may increase the risk of injury in this condition.en
dc.languageENG-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of sports sciencesen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectMinimalismen
dc.subjectrunning footwearen
dc.subjectrunning related injuryen
dc.subjectbarefoot runningen
dc.subjectrunning techniqueen
dc.titleKinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of sports sciencesen
dc.date.accepted2016-08-10-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW131016ANen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-02-28en

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