Brief Online Training Enhances Competitive Performance: Findings of the BBC Lab UK Psychological Skills Intervention Study.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620147
Title:
Brief Online Training Enhances Competitive Performance: Findings of the BBC Lab UK Psychological Skills Intervention Study.
Authors:
Lane, Andrew M; Totterdell, Peter; MacDonald, Ian; Devonport, Tracey J; Friesen, Andrew P; Beedie, Christopher J; Stanley, Damian; Nevill, Alan
Abstract:
In conjunction with BBC Lab UK, the present study developed 12 brief psychological skill interventions for online delivery. A protocol was designed that captured data via self-report measures, used video recordings to deliver interventions, involved a competitive concentration task against an individually matched computer opponent, and provided feedback on the effects of the interventions. Three psychological skills were used; imagery, self-talk, and if-then planning, with each skill directed to one of four different foci: outcome goal, process goal, instruction, or arousal-control. This resulted in 12 different intervention participant groups (randomly assigned) with a 13th group acting as a control. Participants (n = 44,742) completed a competitive task four times-practice, baseline, following an intervention, and again after repeating the intervention. Results revealed performance improved following practice with incremental effects for imagery-outcome, imagery-process, and self-talk-outcome and self-talk-process over the control group, with the same interventions increasing the intensity of effort invested, arousal and pleasant emotion. Arousal-control interventions associated with pleasant emotions, low arousal, and low effort invested in performance. Instructional interventions were not effective. Results offer support for the utility of online interventions in teaching psychological skills and suggest brief interventions that focus on increasing motivation, increased arousal, effort invested, and pleasant emotions were the most effective.
Citation:
Brief Online Training Enhances Competitive Performance: Findings of the BBC Lab UK Psychological Skills Intervention Study. 2016, 7:413 Front Psychol
Publisher:
http://home.frontiersin.org/
Journal:
Frontiers in psychology
Issue Date:
Mar-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/620147
DOI:
10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00413
PubMed ID:
27065904
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00413/full
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1664-1078
Appears in Collections:
Sport Performance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLane, Andrew Men
dc.contributor.authorTotterdell, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, Ianen
dc.contributor.authorDevonport, Tracey Jen
dc.contributor.authorFriesen, Andrew Pen
dc.contributor.authorBeedie, Christopher Jen
dc.contributor.authorStanley, Damianen
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alanen
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-15T11:21:52Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-15T11:21:52Z-
dc.date.issued2016-03-
dc.identifier.citationBrief Online Training Enhances Competitive Performance: Findings of the BBC Lab UK Psychological Skills Intervention Study. 2016, 7:413 Front Psycholen
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078-
dc.identifier.pmid27065904-
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00413-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/620147-
dc.description.abstractIn conjunction with BBC Lab UK, the present study developed 12 brief psychological skill interventions for online delivery. A protocol was designed that captured data via self-report measures, used video recordings to deliver interventions, involved a competitive concentration task against an individually matched computer opponent, and provided feedback on the effects of the interventions. Three psychological skills were used; imagery, self-talk, and if-then planning, with each skill directed to one of four different foci: outcome goal, process goal, instruction, or arousal-control. This resulted in 12 different intervention participant groups (randomly assigned) with a 13th group acting as a control. Participants (n = 44,742) completed a competitive task four times-practice, baseline, following an intervention, and again after repeating the intervention. Results revealed performance improved following practice with incremental effects for imagery-outcome, imagery-process, and self-talk-outcome and self-talk-process over the control group, with the same interventions increasing the intensity of effort invested, arousal and pleasant emotion. Arousal-control interventions associated with pleasant emotions, low arousal, and low effort invested in performance. Instructional interventions were not effective. Results offer support for the utility of online interventions in teaching psychological skills and suggest brief interventions that focus on increasing motivation, increased arousal, effort invested, and pleasant emotions were the most effective.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherhttp://home.frontiersin.org/en
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00413/fullen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Frontiers in psychologyen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectInterventionen
dc.subjectemotionen
dc.subjectmooden
dc.subjectself-regulationen
dc.subjectperformanceen
dc.titleBrief Online Training Enhances Competitive Performance: Findings of the BBC Lab UK Psychological Skills Intervention Study.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in psychologyen
dc.description.fundingESRC-

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