From endurance to power athletes: The changing shape of successful male professional tennis players.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/617882
Title:
From endurance to power athletes: The changing shape of successful male professional tennis players.
Authors:
Gale-Watts, Adam S; Nevill, Alan M.
Abstract:
The aim of the present study was to identify whether the relative shape and size characteristics of elite male tennis players have changed over time, and in addition whether any anthropometric parameters characterise the more successful players in Grand Slam tournaments. The height and body mass of the players qualifying for the first round in all four Grand Slam tennis tournaments during the period 1982-2011 was obtained, and successful players defined arbitrarily as those reaching round 3 or beyond. Body mass index (BMI) and the reciprocal ponderal index (RPI) were used as our measures of body shape. Multilevel modelling was used to explore the trend over time using non-linear polynomials. The results suggest that the body shape of elite tennis players has changed over time, with a non-linear (cubic polynomial regression model) increase in BMI and a similar non-linear decline in the RPI. BMI, reflecting greater muscle mass rather than greater adiposity, has emerged as an important factor associated with success, identified by a significantly positive (steeper) "successful player"-by-"year" interaction term. The evidence that the RPI of elite tennis players has also decreased over time, together with a significantly negative "successful player"-by-"year" interaction term, suggests that a more linear (ectomorphic) body shape is a less important factor in terms of success. These results suggest that elite male tennis players are becoming more power trained athletes as opposed to endurance athletes, with greater muscle mass being an important factor associated with success in all Grand Slam tournaments.
Citation:
From endurance to power athletes: The changing shape of successful male professional tennis players. 2016:1-7 Eur J Sport Sci
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Journal:
European journal of sport science
Issue Date:
16-Jun-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/617882
DOI:
10.1080/17461391.2016.1192690
PubMed ID:
27310731
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1746-1391
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGale-Watts, Adam Sen
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-03T13:29:20Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-03T13:29:20Z-
dc.date.issued2016-06-16-
dc.identifier.citationFrom endurance to power athletes: The changing shape of successful male professional tennis players. 2016:1-7 Eur J Sport Scien
dc.identifier.issn1746-1391en
dc.identifier.pmid27310731-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/17461391.2016.1192690-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/617882-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to identify whether the relative shape and size characteristics of elite male tennis players have changed over time, and in addition whether any anthropometric parameters characterise the more successful players in Grand Slam tournaments. The height and body mass of the players qualifying for the first round in all four Grand Slam tennis tournaments during the period 1982-2011 was obtained, and successful players defined arbitrarily as those reaching round 3 or beyond. Body mass index (BMI) and the reciprocal ponderal index (RPI) were used as our measures of body shape. Multilevel modelling was used to explore the trend over time using non-linear polynomials. The results suggest that the body shape of elite tennis players has changed over time, with a non-linear (cubic polynomial regression model) increase in BMI and a similar non-linear decline in the RPI. BMI, reflecting greater muscle mass rather than greater adiposity, has emerged as an important factor associated with success, identified by a significantly positive (steeper) "successful player"-by-"year" interaction term. The evidence that the RPI of elite tennis players has also decreased over time, together with a significantly negative "successful player"-by-"year" interaction term, suggests that a more linear (ectomorphic) body shape is a less important factor in terms of success. These results suggest that elite male tennis players are becoming more power trained athletes as opposed to endurance athletes, with greater muscle mass being an important factor associated with success in all Grand Slam tournaments.en
dc.languageENG-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to European journal of sport scienceen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectbody compositionen
dc.subjectbody mass indexen
dc.subjectGrand Slamen
dc.subjectreciprocal ponderal indexen
dc.subjectTennisen
dc.titleFrom endurance to power athletes: The changing shape of successful male professional tennis players.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalEuropean journal of sport scienceen
dc.date.accepted2016-05-19-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW030816ANen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-12-16en

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