Physical Attractiveness, Altruism and Cooperation in an Ultimatum Game

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/609879
Title:
Physical Attractiveness, Altruism and Cooperation in an Ultimatum Game
Authors:
Galbraith, Niall; Manktelow, Ken; Bhogal, Manpal ( 0000-0002-7913-0726 )
Abstract:
Explaining cooperative tendencies through an evolutionary lens has been problematic for theorists. Traditional explanations derive from theories of reciprocity, biological markets, and more recently via partner choice and sexual selection. The sexual selection hypothesis has been tested within game-theoretic frameworks gaining empirical sup- port in explaining the evolution of altruism. Males have been found to be more altruistic towards attractive females. However, previous research has predominantly adopted a design where participants are not engaging with ‘real people’. Instead, participants make decisions when viewing images or hypothetical scenarios without visual cues. The present study aimed to investigate the sexual selection hypothesis using a face-to-face game theoretic framework. One hundred and thirty-eight participants played a 2-round ultimatum game with chocolate coins as the monetary incentive. We find, that physical attractiveness had no influence on generosity and cooperation when participants play a face-to-face ultimatum game. Instead, proposers were fair when allocating stakes, offering an average of half the endowment to responders. This study refutes the link between the sexual selection hypothesis and generosity when playing economic games with real people. Fairness appeared to drive generosity and cooperation.
Citation:
Physical Attractiveness, Altruism and Cooperation in an Ultimatum Game 2016 Current Psychology
Journal:
Current Psychology
Issue Date:
12-Apr-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/609879
DOI:
10.1007/s12144-016-9443-1
Additional Links:
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12144-016-9443-1
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1046-1310
Appears in Collections:
FEHW

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGalbraith, Niallen
dc.contributor.authorManktelow, Kenen
dc.contributor.authorBhogal, Manpalen
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-19T14:16:53Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-19T14:16:53Zen
dc.date.issued2016-04-12en
dc.identifier.citationPhysical Attractiveness, Altruism and Cooperation in an Ultimatum Game 2016 Current Psychologyen
dc.identifier.issn1046-1310en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12144-016-9443-1en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/609879en
dc.description.abstractExplaining cooperative tendencies through an evolutionary lens has been problematic for theorists. Traditional explanations derive from theories of reciprocity, biological markets, and more recently via partner choice and sexual selection. The sexual selection hypothesis has been tested within game-theoretic frameworks gaining empirical sup- port in explaining the evolution of altruism. Males have been found to be more altruistic towards attractive females. However, previous research has predominantly adopted a design where participants are not engaging with ‘real people’. Instead, participants make decisions when viewing images or hypothetical scenarios without visual cues. The present study aimed to investigate the sexual selection hypothesis using a face-to-face game theoretic framework. One hundred and thirty-eight participants played a 2-round ultimatum game with chocolate coins as the monetary incentive. We find, that physical attractiveness had no influence on generosity and cooperation when participants play a face-to-face ultimatum game. Instead, proposers were fair when allocating stakes, offering an average of half the endowment to responders. This study refutes the link between the sexual selection hypothesis and generosity when playing economic games with real people. Fairness appeared to drive generosity and cooperation.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12144-016-9443-1en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Current Psychologyen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectevolutionary psychologyen
dc.subjectaltruismen
dc.subjectcooperationen
dc.subjectgame theoryen
dc.subjectsexual selectionen
dc.titlePhysical Attractiveness, Altruism and Cooperation in an Ultimatum Gameen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalCurrent Psychologyen
dc.date.accepted2016-04-01en
rioxxterms.funderUnfundeden
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUoW190516MBen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-04-11en
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