Body mass index, nutritional knowledge, and eating behaviors in elite student and professional ballet dancers.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/608670
Title:
Body mass index, nutritional knowledge, and eating behaviors in elite student and professional ballet dancers.
Authors:
Wyon, Matthew ( 0000-0003-0942-2333 ) ; Hutchings, Kate M; Wells, Abigail; Nevill, Alan M
Abstract:
Objective: It is recognized that there is a high esthetic demand in ballet, and this has implications on dancers' body mass index (BMI) and eating behaviors. The objective of this study was to examine the association between BMI, eating attitudes, and nutritional knowledge of elite student and professional ballet dancers. Design: Observational design. Setting: Institutional. Participants: One hundred eighty-nine participants from an elite full-time dance school (M = 53, F = 86) and from an elite ballet company (M = 16, F = 25) volunteered for the study. There were no exclusion criteria. Interventions: Anthropometric data (height and mass), General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ), and the Eating Attitude Test—26 (EAT-26) were collected from each participant. Main Outcome Measures: Univariate analysis of variance was used to examine differences in gender and group for BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Regression analyses were applied to examine interactions between BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Results: Professional dancers had significantly greater BMI than student dancers (P < 0.001), and males had significantly higher BMI scores than females (P < 0.05). Food knowledge increased with age (P < 0.001) with no gender difference. Student dancers had a significant interaction between year group and gender because of significantly higher EAT-26 scores for females in years 10 and 12. Regression analysis of the subcategories (gender and group) reported a number of significant relationships between BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Conclusions: The findings suggest that dancers with disordered eating also display lower levels of nutritional knowledge, and this may have an impact on BMI. Female students' eating attitudes and BMI should especially be monitored during periods of adolescent development.
Citation:
Body mass index, nutritional knowledge, and eating behaviors in elite student and professional ballet dancers. 2014, 24 (5):390-6 Clin J Sport Med
Publisher:
Wolters Kluwer Health
Journal:
Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, September 2014 - Volume 24 - Issue 5
Issue Date:
Sep-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/608670
DOI:
10.1097/JSM.0000000000000054
PubMed ID:
24326932
Additional Links:
http://journals.lww.com/cjsportsmed/Abstract/2014/09000/Body_Mass_Index,_Nutritional_Knowledge,_and_Eating.6.aspx
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1536-3724
Appears in Collections:
Dance Science

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWyon, Matthewen
dc.contributor.authorHutchings, Kate Men
dc.contributor.authorWells, Abigailen
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan Men
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-09T14:49:35Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-09T14:49:35Zen
dc.date.issued2014-09en
dc.identifier.citationBody mass index, nutritional knowledge, and eating behaviors in elite student and professional ballet dancers. 2014, 24 (5):390-6 Clin J Sport Meden
dc.identifier.issn1536-3724en
dc.identifier.pmid24326932en
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/JSM.0000000000000054en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/608670en
dc.description.abstractObjective: It is recognized that there is a high esthetic demand in ballet, and this has implications on dancers' body mass index (BMI) and eating behaviors. The objective of this study was to examine the association between BMI, eating attitudes, and nutritional knowledge of elite student and professional ballet dancers. Design: Observational design. Setting: Institutional. Participants: One hundred eighty-nine participants from an elite full-time dance school (M = 53, F = 86) and from an elite ballet company (M = 16, F = 25) volunteered for the study. There were no exclusion criteria. Interventions: Anthropometric data (height and mass), General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ), and the Eating Attitude Test—26 (EAT-26) were collected from each participant. Main Outcome Measures: Univariate analysis of variance was used to examine differences in gender and group for BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Regression analyses were applied to examine interactions between BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Results: Professional dancers had significantly greater BMI than student dancers (P < 0.001), and males had significantly higher BMI scores than females (P < 0.05). Food knowledge increased with age (P < 0.001) with no gender difference. Student dancers had a significant interaction between year group and gender because of significantly higher EAT-26 scores for females in years 10 and 12. Regression analysis of the subcategories (gender and group) reported a number of significant relationships between BMI, GNKQ, and EAT-26. Conclusions: The findings suggest that dancers with disordered eating also display lower levels of nutritional knowledge, and this may have an impact on BMI. Female students' eating attitudes and BMI should especially be monitored during periods of adolescent development.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWolters Kluwer Healthen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.lww.com/cjsportsmed/Abstract/2014/09000/Body_Mass_Index,_Nutritional_Knowledge,_and_Eating.6.aspxen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicineen
dc.subjectBMIen
dc.subjectnutritional knowledgeen
dc.subjectEAT 26en
dc.subjectballet dancersen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Indexen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshDancingen
dc.subject.meshFeeding Behavioren
dc.subject.meshFeeding and Eating Disordersen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshNutritional Sciencesen
dc.subject.meshStudentsen
dc.subject.meshSurveys and Questionnairesen
dc.subject.meshThinnessen
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten
dc.titleBody mass index, nutritional knowledge, and eating behaviors in elite student and professional ballet dancers.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalClinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, September 2014 - Volume 24 - Issue 5en

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