Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/607221
Title:
Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport.
Authors:
Liiv, Helena; Wyon, Matthew A; Jürimäe, Toivo; Saar, Meeli; Mäestu, Jarek; Jürimäe, Jaak
Abstract:
This study compared anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity between three groups of dancers: classical ballet dancers (M 33, F 56), contemporary dancers (M 28, F 109), and dancesport dancers (M 30, F 30). The assumption was that different functional requirements should produce differences in the anthropometric and aerobic capacity variables among the three groups. Anthropometric data for body mass index (BMI) and somatotypes were measured. Body fat percentage was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Maximal oxygen consumption and aerobic power were measured during an incremental treadmill test until exhaustion. Dancesport athletes were taller compared with same gender contemporary dancers (p<0.05). Female ballet dancers had a lower body mass and BMI compared with their contemporary dance and dancesport equivalents (p<0.001). There was significant difference between dance styles in endomorphy (F2,221 = 8.773, p<0.001) and mesomorphy (F2,221 = 21.458, p<0.001) scores. Dancesport dancers had significantly greater VO2max values (p<0.01). It was concluded that female contemporary dancers are generally more muscular than their ballet counterparts, while dancesport dancers are taller and heavier, less muscular, with slightly greater adioposity compared to the classical ballet dancers. Ballet dancers had the lowest body fat percentage, weight, and BMI values. Dancesport dancers had greater aerobic capacity than the ballet dancers. Based on this study, we conclude that dancers in these three styles differ in some aspects of anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity, but we cannot say is it because of the training or selection or both.
Citation:
Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport. 2013, 28 (4):207-11 Med Probl Perform Art
Publisher:
Science & Medicine
Journal:
Medical problems of performing artists, Volume 28 Number 4: Page 207 (December 2013)
Issue Date:
Dec-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/607221
PubMed ID:
24337032
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0885-1158
Appears in Collections:
WIRE (nr)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLiiv, Helenaen
dc.contributor.authorWyon, Matthew Aen
dc.contributor.authorJürimäe, Toivoen
dc.contributor.authorSaar, Meelien
dc.contributor.authorMäestu, Jareken
dc.contributor.authorJürimäe, Jaaken
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-27T11:56:53Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-27T11:56:53Zen
dc.date.issued2013-12en
dc.identifier.citationAnthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport. 2013, 28 (4):207-11 Med Probl Perform Arten
dc.identifier.issn0885-1158en
dc.identifier.pmid24337032en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/607221en
dc.description.abstractThis study compared anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity between three groups of dancers: classical ballet dancers (M 33, F 56), contemporary dancers (M 28, F 109), and dancesport dancers (M 30, F 30). The assumption was that different functional requirements should produce differences in the anthropometric and aerobic capacity variables among the three groups. Anthropometric data for body mass index (BMI) and somatotypes were measured. Body fat percentage was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Maximal oxygen consumption and aerobic power were measured during an incremental treadmill test until exhaustion. Dancesport athletes were taller compared with same gender contemporary dancers (p<0.05). Female ballet dancers had a lower body mass and BMI compared with their contemporary dance and dancesport equivalents (p<0.001). There was significant difference between dance styles in endomorphy (F2,221 = 8.773, p<0.001) and mesomorphy (F2,221 = 21.458, p<0.001) scores. Dancesport dancers had significantly greater VO2max values (p<0.01). It was concluded that female contemporary dancers are generally more muscular than their ballet counterparts, while dancesport dancers are taller and heavier, less muscular, with slightly greater adioposity compared to the classical ballet dancers. Ballet dancers had the lowest body fat percentage, weight, and BMI values. Dancesport dancers had greater aerobic capacity than the ballet dancers. Based on this study, we conclude that dancers in these three styles differ in some aspects of anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity, but we cannot say is it because of the training or selection or both.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherScience & Medicineen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Medical problems of performing artistsen
dc.subjectAnthropometryen
dc.subjectsomatotypes and aerobic power balleten
dc.subjectcontemporary danceen
dc.subjectDanceSporten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAnthropometryen
dc.subject.meshBody Compositionen
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Indexen
dc.subject.meshDancingen
dc.subject.meshExercise Testen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMuscle Strengthen
dc.subject.meshOxygen Consumptionen
dc.subject.meshPhysical Enduranceen
dc.subject.meshSex Factorsen
dc.subject.meshSomatotypesen
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten
dc.titleAnthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalMedical problems of performing artists, Volume 28 Number 4: Page 207 (December 2013)en

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