|Title: ||Concentrated flow erosion rates reduced through biological geotextiles|
|Citation: ||Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34(4): 493-502|
|Publisher: ||Wiley InterScience|
|Journal: ||Earth Surface Processes and Landforms|
|Issue Date: ||2009 |
|Additional Links: ||http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121684678/abstract|
|Abstract: ||Soil erosion by concentrated flow can cause serious environmental damage. Erosion-control geotextiles have considerable potential for reducing concentrated flow erosion. However, limited data are available on the erosion-reducing potential of geotextiles. In this study, the effectiveness of three biological geotextiles in reducing soil losses during concentrated flow is investigated. Hereto, runoff was simulated in a concentrated flow flume, filled with an erodible sandy loam on three slope gradients (13·5, 27·0 and 41·5%). Treatments included three biological geotextiles (borassus, buriti and bamboo) and one bare soil surface. Darcy–Weisbach friction coefficients ranged from 0·01 to 2·84. The highest values are observed for borassus covered soil surfaces, followed by buriti, bamboo and bare soil, respectively. The friction coefficients are linearly correlated with geotextile thickness. For the specific experimental conditions of this study, borassus geotextiles reduced soil detachment rate on average to 56%, buriti geotextiles to 59% and bamboo geotextiles to 66% of the soil detachment rate for bare soil surfaces. Total flow shear stress was the hydraulic parameter best predicting soil detachment rate for bare and geotextile covered surfaces (R² = 0·75–0·84, p < 0·001, n = 12–15). The highest resistance against soil detachment was observed for the borassus covered soil surfaces, followed by buriti, bamboo and bare soil surfaces, respectively. Overall, biological geotextiles are less effective in controlling concentrated flow erosion compared with interrill erosion. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.|
Flow shear stress
Palm mat geotextiles
|Appears in Collections: ||Plant and Environmental Research Group|
|Files in This Item:|
There are no files associated with this item.
All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.