2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/35332
Title:
Influence of crowd noise on soccer refereeing consistency in soccer
Authors:
Balmer, Nigel J.; Nevill, Alan M.; Lane, Andrew M.; Ward, Paul; Williams, A. Mark; Fairclough, Stephen
Abstract:
Recent experimental evidence suggests that the noise of a partisan home crowd may influence soccer officials to make an imbalance of decisions in favor of the home side (Nevill, Balmer, & Williams, 2002). The purpose of the present study was to test the notion that biased decisions in favor of the home team are associated with increased anxiety and arousal due to increased difficulty of making accurate decisions when refereeing in the presence of crowd noise. Using the same video footage used by Nevill et al. (2002), 26 participants recorded decisions when fouls occurred. Participants completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 immediately after performing the refereeing task. Degree of mental effort was recorded using self-report and physiological measures. Logistic regression indicated that participants were biased in favor of the home team in their evaluation of fouls carried out by one visiting and one home team. Significant relationships were found between decision bias and increases in cognitive anxiety and mental effort with crowd noise. Hierarchical regression indicated that mental effort and cognitive anxiety combined to account for 36% of the variance in decision bias. Results suggest that crowd noise is associated with increased anxiety and mental effort, and that referees attempt to cope with this increased anxiety and effort by giving a more popular decision in favor of the home team.
Citation:
Journal of Sport Behavior, 30(2), 130-145
Publisher:
University of South Alabama
Journal:
Journal of Sport Behavior
Issue Date:
2007
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/35332
Additional Links:
http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-31261385_ITM
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Full Text: COPYRIGHT 2007 University of South Alabama
ISSN:
0162-7341
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group; Sport Performance; Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBalmer, Nigel J.-
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.-
dc.contributor.authorLane, Andrew M.-
dc.contributor.authorWard, Paul-
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, A. Mark-
dc.contributor.authorFairclough, Stephen-
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-13T11:05:28Z-
dc.date.available2008-08-13T11:05:28Z-
dc.date.issued2007-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Sport Behavior, 30(2), 130-145en
dc.identifier.issn0162-7341-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/35332-
dc.descriptionFull Text: COPYRIGHT 2007 University of South Alabamaen
dc.description.abstractRecent experimental evidence suggests that the noise of a partisan home crowd may influence soccer officials to make an imbalance of decisions in favor of the home side (Nevill, Balmer, & Williams, 2002). The purpose of the present study was to test the notion that biased decisions in favor of the home team are associated with increased anxiety and arousal due to increased difficulty of making accurate decisions when refereeing in the presence of crowd noise. Using the same video footage used by Nevill et al. (2002), 26 participants recorded decisions when fouls occurred. Participants completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 immediately after performing the refereeing task. Degree of mental effort was recorded using self-report and physiological measures. Logistic regression indicated that participants were biased in favor of the home team in their evaluation of fouls carried out by one visiting and one home team. Significant relationships were found between decision bias and increases in cognitive anxiety and mental effort with crowd noise. Hierarchical regression indicated that mental effort and cognitive anxiety combined to account for 36% of the variance in decision bias. Results suggest that crowd noise is associated with increased anxiety and mental effort, and that referees attempt to cope with this increased anxiety and effort by giving a more popular decision in favor of the home team.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of South Alabamaen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-31261385_ITM-
dc.subjectCrowd noiseen
dc.subjectSocceren
dc.subjectRefereesen
dc.subjectDecision Making-
dc.subjectSports psychology-
dc.titleInfluence of crowd noise on soccer refereeing consistency in socceren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sport Behavioren
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