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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group > Influence of crowd noise on soccer refereeing consistency in soccer

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/35332
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Title: Influence of crowd noise on soccer refereeing consistency in soccer
Authors: Balmer, Nigel J.
Nevill, Alan M.
Lane, Andrew M.
Ward, Paul
Williams, A. Mark
Fairclough, Stephen
Citation: Journal of Sport Behavior, 30(2), 130-145
Publisher: University of South Alabama
Journal: Journal of Sport Behavior
Issue Date: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/35332
Additional Links: http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-31261385_ITM
Abstract: Recent experimental evidence suggests that the noise of a partisan home crowd may influence soccer officials to make an imbalance of decisions in favor of the home side (Nevill, Balmer, & Williams, 2002). The purpose of the present study was to test the notion that biased decisions in favor of the home team are associated with increased anxiety and arousal due to increased difficulty of making accurate decisions when refereeing in the presence of crowd noise. Using the same video footage used by Nevill et al. (2002), 26 participants recorded decisions when fouls occurred. Participants completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 immediately after performing the refereeing task. Degree of mental effort was recorded using self-report and physiological measures. Logistic regression indicated that participants were biased in favor of the home team in their evaluation of fouls carried out by one visiting and one home team. Significant relationships were found between decision bias and increases in cognitive anxiety and mental effort with crowd noise. Hierarchical regression indicated that mental effort and cognitive anxiety combined to account for 36% of the variance in decision bias. Results suggest that crowd noise is associated with increased anxiety and mental effort, and that referees attempt to cope with this increased anxiety and effort by giving a more popular decision in favor of the home team.
Type: Article
Language: en
Description: Full Text: COPYRIGHT 2007 University of South Alabama
Keywords: Crowd noise
Soccer
Referees
Decision Making
Sports psychology
ISSN: 0162-7341
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Sport Performance
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

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