Different combinations of perceptual, emotional, and cognitive factors predict three different types of delusional ideation during adolescence.

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Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/333572
Title:
Different combinations of perceptual, emotional, and cognitive factors predict three different types of delusional ideation during adolescence.
Authors:
Galbraith, Niall D; Manktelow, Ken I; Chen-Wilson, Chao-Hwa; Harris, Rachael A; Nevill, Alan M.
Abstract:
Although adolescence is a particularly sensitive period for the development of schizotypy (Walker and Bollini [Schizophr Res 54:17-23, 2002]), there has been relatively limited research on the psychological factors that specifically predict delusional beliefs during adolescence. We studied 392 school students aged 11 to 16 years with a battery of behavioral and psychometric measures. Anxiety and negative-other schemas mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and paranoid beliefs; anxiety mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and grandiose beliefs; anxiety and self-negative schemas mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and "other delusions" (Schneiderian/reference/misidentification). Furthermore, a jump-to-conclusions (JTC) bias moderated the relation between anxiety and other delusions: scores in the other delusions category were highest in adolescents who had both high anxiety and a JTC bias. Sex and age had only weak effects upon delusional belief. Our findings provide novel data by highlighting the different factors that underpin three delusional subtypes during the vulnerable period of adolescence.
Citation:
Different combinations of perceptual, emotional, and cognitive factors predict three different types of delusional ideation during adolescence. 2014, 202 (9):668-76 J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
Journal:
The Journal of nervous and mental disease
Issue Date:
Sep-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/333572
DOI:
10.1097/NMD.0000000000000179
PubMed ID:
25099297
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1539-736X
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGalbraith, Niall Den_GB
dc.contributor.authorManktelow, Ken Ien_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen-Wilson, Chao-Hwaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Rachael Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-03T12:27:56Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-03T12:27:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014-09-
dc.identifier.citationDifferent combinations of perceptual, emotional, and cognitive factors predict three different types of delusional ideation during adolescence. 2014, 202 (9):668-76 J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1539-736X-
dc.identifier.pmid25099297-
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/NMD.0000000000000179-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/333572-
dc.description.abstractAlthough adolescence is a particularly sensitive period for the development of schizotypy (Walker and Bollini [Schizophr Res 54:17-23, 2002]), there has been relatively limited research on the psychological factors that specifically predict delusional beliefs during adolescence. We studied 392 school students aged 11 to 16 years with a battery of behavioral and psychometric measures. Anxiety and negative-other schemas mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and paranoid beliefs; anxiety mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and grandiose beliefs; anxiety and self-negative schemas mediated the relationship between hallucinatory experiences and "other delusions" (Schneiderian/reference/misidentification). Furthermore, a jump-to-conclusions (JTC) bias moderated the relation between anxiety and other delusions: scores in the other delusions category were highest in adolescents who had both high anxiety and a JTC bias. Sex and age had only weak effects upon delusional belief. Our findings provide novel data by highlighting the different factors that underpin three delusional subtypes during the vulnerable period of adolescence.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to The Journal of nervous and mental diseaseen_GB
dc.subjectDelusional ideationen_GB
dc.subjecthallucinationsen_GB
dc.subjectschemasen_GB
dc.subjectjump-to-conclusions biasen_GB
dc.subjectanxietyen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_GB
dc.subject.meshAdolescent Behavioren_GB
dc.subject.meshAnxietyen_GB
dc.subject.meshChilden_GB
dc.subject.meshCultureen_GB
dc.subject.meshDelusionsen_GB
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshMaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshModels, Psychologicalen_GB
dc.subject.meshParanoid Disordersen_GB
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_GB
dc.subject.meshSelf Concepten_GB
dc.titleDifferent combinations of perceptual, emotional, and cognitive factors predict three different types of delusional ideation during adolescence.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalThe Journal of nervous and mental diseaseen_GB

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