A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/313452
Title:
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses.
Authors:
Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M; Al-Nakeeb, Yahya; Duncan, Michael J; Al-Sobayel, Hana I; Abahussain, Nada A; Musaiger, Abdulrahman O; Lyons, Mark; Collins, Peter; Nevill, Alan M.
Abstract:
This study investigated the cross-cultural differences and similarity in health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14-18 year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Measurements included anthropometric, screen time, validated physical activity (PA) questionnaire and dietary habits. The overweight/obesity prevalence among Saudi adolescents (38.3%) was significantly (p < 0.001) higher than that found among British adolescents (24.1%). The British adolescents demonstrated higher total PA energy expenditure than Saudi adolescents (means ± SE = 3,804.8 ± 81.5 vs. 2,219.9 ± 65.5 METs-min/week). Inactivity prevalence was significantly (p < 0.001) higher among Saudi adolescents (64%) compared with that of British adolescents (25.5%). The proportions of adolescents exceeding 2 h of daily screen time were high (88.0% and 90.8% among Saudis and British, respectively). The majority of Saudi and British adolescents did not have daily intakes of breakfast, fruit, vegetables and milk. MANCOVA showed significant (p < 0.05) gender by country interactions in several lifestyle factors. There was a significant (p < 0.001) gender differences in the ratio of physical activity to sedentary behaviors. In conclusion, Saudi and British adolescents demonstrated some similarities and differences in their PA levels, sedentary behaviors and dietary habits. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among adolescents appear to be a cross-cultural phenomenon.
Citation:
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses. 2013, 10 (12):6701-20 Int J Environ Res Public Health
Publisher:
MDPI
Journal:
International journal of environmental research and public health
Issue Date:
Dec-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/313452
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph10126701
PubMed ID:
24300072
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1660-4601
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAl-Hazzaa, Hazzaa Men_GB
dc.contributor.authorAl-Nakeeb, Yahyaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Michael Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAl-Sobayel, Hana Ien_GB
dc.contributor.authorAbahussain, Nada Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMusaiger, Abdulrahman Oen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLyons, Marken_GB
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Peteren_GB
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-27T11:53:57Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-27T11:53:57Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-
dc.identifier.citationA Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses. 2013, 10 (12):6701-20 Int J Environ Res Public Healthen_GB
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601-
dc.identifier.pmid24300072-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph10126701-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/313452-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the cross-cultural differences and similarity in health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14-18 year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Measurements included anthropometric, screen time, validated physical activity (PA) questionnaire and dietary habits. The overweight/obesity prevalence among Saudi adolescents (38.3%) was significantly (p < 0.001) higher than that found among British adolescents (24.1%). The British adolescents demonstrated higher total PA energy expenditure than Saudi adolescents (means ± SE = 3,804.8 ± 81.5 vs. 2,219.9 ± 65.5 METs-min/week). Inactivity prevalence was significantly (p < 0.001) higher among Saudi adolescents (64%) compared with that of British adolescents (25.5%). The proportions of adolescents exceeding 2 h of daily screen time were high (88.0% and 90.8% among Saudis and British, respectively). The majority of Saudi and British adolescents did not have daily intakes of breakfast, fruit, vegetables and milk. MANCOVA showed significant (p < 0.05) gender by country interactions in several lifestyle factors. There was a significant (p < 0.001) gender differences in the ratio of physical activity to sedentary behaviors. In conclusion, Saudi and British adolescents demonstrated some similarities and differences in their PA levels, sedentary behaviors and dietary habits. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among adolescents appear to be a cross-cultural phenomenon.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International journal of environmental research and public healthen_GB
dc.subjectadolescentsen_GB
dc.subjectBritishen_GB
dc.subjectcultureen_GB
dc.subjectdietary habitsen_GB
dc.subjectlifestyle factorsen_GB
dc.subjectphysical activityen_GB
dc.subjectSaudien_GB
dc.subjectscreen timeen_GB
dc.subjectsedentary behaviorsen_GB
dc.titleA Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational journal of environmental research and public healthen_GB

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