University of Wolverhampton
Browse
Collection All
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
Listed communities
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet

Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Sport Performance > Are there limits to swimming world records?

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/30457
    Del.icio.us     LinkedIn     Citeulike     Connotea     Facebook     Stumble it!



Title: Are there limits to swimming world records?
Authors: Nevill, Alan M.
Whyte, Gregory P.
Holder, Roger L.
Peyrebrune, M.
Citation: International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28 (12): 1012-1017
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
Journal: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue Date: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/30457
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-965088
PubMed ID: 17534781
Additional Links: http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2007-965088
Abstract: The purpose of this article was to investigate whether swimming world records are beginning to plateau and whether the inequality between men and women's swimming performances is narrowing, similar to that observed in running world records. A flattened "S-shaped curve" logistic curve is fitted to 100-m, 200-m, and 400-m front-crawl world-record swimming speeds for men and women from 1 May 1957 to the present time, using the non-linear least-squares regression. The inequality between men and women's world records is also assessed using the ratio, Women's/Men's world record speeds. The results confirm that men and women's front-crawl swimming world-record speeds are plateauing and the ratio between women's and men's world records has remained stable at approximately 0.9. In conclusion, the logistic curves provide evidence that swimming world-record speeds experienced a period of "accelerated" growth/improvements during the 1960 - 1970s, but are now beginning to plateau. The period of acceleration corresponded with numerous advances in science and technology but also coincided with the anecdotal evidence for institutionalised doping. Also noteworthy, however, is the remarkably consistency in the women's/men's world record ratio, circa 0.9, similar to those observed in middle and long distance running performances. These finding supports the notion that a 10 % gender inequality exists for both swimming and running.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Logistic curve
Non‐linear regression
World record swimming speeds
Performance ratio
Period of acceleration
Female athletes
Competitive Behaviour
MeSH: Competitive Behavior
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Physical Endurance
Swimming
ISSN: 0172-4622
Appears in Collections: Sport Performance
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.



Related articles on PubMed
bullet
bullet
Running performance differences between men and women:an update.
Cheuvront SN, Carter R, Deruisseau KC, Moffatt RJ
2005
bullet
bullet
Gender and performance in athletics.
Chatterjee S, Laudato M
1995 Spring-Summer
bullet
Could women outrun men in ultramarathon races?
Bam J, Noakes TD, Juritz J, Dennis SC
1997 Feb
See all 134 articles

All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Fairtrade - Guarantees a better deal for Third World Producers

University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton, WV1 1LY

Course enquiries: 0800 953 3222, General enquiries: 01902 321000,
Email: enquiries@wlv.ac.uk | Freedom of Information | Disclaimer and copyright | Website feedback | The University as a charity

OR Logo Powered by Open Repository | Cookies