2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/30457
Title:
Are there limits to swimming world records?
Authors:
Nevill, Alan M.; Whyte, Gregory P.; Holder, Roger L.; Peyrebrune, M.
Abstract:
The purpose of this article was to investigate whether swimming world records are beginning to plateau and whether the inequality between men and women's swimming performances is narrowing, similar to that observed in running world records. A flattened "S-shaped curve" logistic curve is fitted to 100-m, 200-m, and 400-m front-crawl world-record swimming speeds for men and women from 1 May 1957 to the present time, using the non-linear least-squares regression. The inequality between men and women's world records is also assessed using the ratio, Women's/Men's world record speeds. The results confirm that men and women's front-crawl swimming world-record speeds are plateauing and the ratio between women's and men's world records has remained stable at approximately 0.9. In conclusion, the logistic curves provide evidence that swimming world-record speeds experienced a period of "accelerated" growth/improvements during the 1960 - 1970s, but are now beginning to plateau. The period of acceleration corresponded with numerous advances in science and technology but also coincided with the anecdotal evidence for institutionalised doping. Also noteworthy, however, is the remarkably consistency in the women's/men's world record ratio, circa 0.9, similar to those observed in middle and long distance running performances. These finding supports the notion that a 10 % gender inequality exists for both swimming and running.
Citation:
International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28 (12): 1012-1017
Publisher:
Georg Thieme Verlag
Journal:
International Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue Date:
2007
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/30457
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-965088
PubMed ID:
17534781
Additional Links:
http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2007-965088
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0172-4622
Appears in Collections:
Sport Performance; Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group; Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.-
dc.contributor.authorWhyte, Gregory P.-
dc.contributor.authorHolder, Roger L.-
dc.contributor.authorPeyrebrune, M.-
dc.date.accessioned2008-06-25T13:11:14Z-
dc.date.available2008-06-25T13:11:14Z-
dc.date.issued2007-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Sports Medicine, 28 (12): 1012-1017en
dc.identifier.issn0172-4622-
dc.identifier.pmid17534781-
dc.identifier.doi10.1055/s-2007-965088-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/30457-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this article was to investigate whether swimming world records are beginning to plateau and whether the inequality between men and women's swimming performances is narrowing, similar to that observed in running world records. A flattened "S-shaped curve" logistic curve is fitted to 100-m, 200-m, and 400-m front-crawl world-record swimming speeds for men and women from 1 May 1957 to the present time, using the non-linear least-squares regression. The inequality between men and women's world records is also assessed using the ratio, Women's/Men's world record speeds. The results confirm that men and women's front-crawl swimming world-record speeds are plateauing and the ratio between women's and men's world records has remained stable at approximately 0.9. In conclusion, the logistic curves provide evidence that swimming world-record speeds experienced a period of "accelerated" growth/improvements during the 1960 - 1970s, but are now beginning to plateau. The period of acceleration corresponded with numerous advances in science and technology but also coincided with the anecdotal evidence for institutionalised doping. Also noteworthy, however, is the remarkably consistency in the women's/men's world record ratio, circa 0.9, similar to those observed in middle and long distance running performances. These finding supports the notion that a 10 % gender inequality exists for both swimming and running.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherGeorg Thieme Verlagen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2007-965088en
dc.subjectLogistic curveen
dc.subjectNon‐linear regressionen
dc.subjectWorld record swimming speedsen
dc.subjectPerformance ratioen
dc.subjectPeriod of accelerationen
dc.subjectFemale athletes-
dc.subjectCompetitive Behaviour-
dc.subject.meshCompetitive Behavioren
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshLogistic Modelsen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshPhysical Enduranceen
dc.subject.meshSwimmingen
dc.titleAre there limits to swimming world records?en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Sports Medicineen

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.