Assessing the structural heterogeneity of urban areas: an example from the Black Country (UK)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29715
Title:
Assessing the structural heterogeneity of urban areas: an example from the Black Country (UK)
Authors:
Young, Christopher; Jarvis, Peter
Abstract:
The increasing acknowledgement of the importance of urban habitats in the maintenance of biodiversity has brought with it a need to quantify this importance at a scale appropriate to the characteristic patch sizes encountered in urban areas. Taking a study area in the Black Country (UK) we used a spatially complete, rapid assessment method to evaluate habitat patches in terms of their internal structural heterogeneity. This method recognises the importance of both natural and anthropogenic processes in providing a diverse range of habitats and niches for both flora and fauna. It also recognises the key role of context in determining the ecological significance of each patch within the urban landscape. All habitats studied had a complex mix of both natural and artificial structural elements, where an element is a within-patch contributor to structural diversity, with each habitat type having a large range of element totals. Characteristic totals, reflecting the level of habitat structural diversity, were observed in some habitat types with residential areas having high values and industrial and commercial areas having low values. Certain structural elements were also associated with each habitat type allowing characteristic element assemblages to be derived. If structural diversity is linked with biodiversity, as seems to be the case in many (though not all) habitat types, then this unique method of viewing the urban landscape becomes a powerful tool for informing wildlife ecologists, nature conservationists, urban planners, environmental managers and landscape architects. (Springer Verlag)
Citation:
Urban Ecosystems, 5(1): 49-69
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Journal:
Urban Ecosystems
Issue Date:
2001
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29715
DOI:
10.1023/A:1021877618584
Additional Links:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/h858471m36n63418/; http://direct.bl.uk/bld/PlaceOrder.do?UIN=124891164&ETOC=RN&from=searchengine
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1083-8155; 1573-1642
Appears in Collections:
Plant and Environmental Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Christopher-
dc.contributor.authorJarvis, Peter-
dc.date.accessioned2008-06-09T13:34:10Z-
dc.date.available2008-06-09T13:34:10Z-
dc.date.issued2001-
dc.identifier.citationUrban Ecosystems, 5(1): 49-69en
dc.identifier.issn1083-8155-
dc.identifier.issn1573-1642-
dc.identifier.doi10.1023/A:1021877618584-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/29715-
dc.description.abstractThe increasing acknowledgement of the importance of urban habitats in the maintenance of biodiversity has brought with it a need to quantify this importance at a scale appropriate to the characteristic patch sizes encountered in urban areas. Taking a study area in the Black Country (UK) we used a spatially complete, rapid assessment method to evaluate habitat patches in terms of their internal structural heterogeneity. This method recognises the importance of both natural and anthropogenic processes in providing a diverse range of habitats and niches for both flora and fauna. It also recognises the key role of context in determining the ecological significance of each patch within the urban landscape. All habitats studied had a complex mix of both natural and artificial structural elements, where an element is a within-patch contributor to structural diversity, with each habitat type having a large range of element totals. Characteristic totals, reflecting the level of habitat structural diversity, were observed in some habitat types with residential areas having high values and industrial and commercial areas having low values. Certain structural elements were also associated with each habitat type allowing characteristic element assemblages to be derived. If structural diversity is linked with biodiversity, as seems to be the case in many (though not all) habitat types, then this unique method of viewing the urban landscape becomes a powerful tool for informing wildlife ecologists, nature conservationists, urban planners, environmental managers and landscape architects. (Springer Verlag)en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlandsen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.springerlink.com/content/h858471m36n63418/en
dc.relation.urlhttp://direct.bl.uk/bld/PlaceOrder.do?UIN=124891164&ETOC=RN&from=searchengineen
dc.subjectLandscape ecologyen
dc.subjectUrban habitatsen
dc.subjectHabitat structureen
dc.subjectStructural diversityen
dc.subjectBiodiversityen
dc.subjectBlack Countryen
dc.subjectWest Midlandsen
dc.subjectConservationen
dc.subjectEnvironmental managementen
dc.titleAssessing the structural heterogeneity of urban areas: an example from the Black Country (UK)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalUrban Ecosystemsen
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