South Asian ethnicity and material deprivation increase the risk of Epstein-Barr virus infection in childhood Hodgkin's disease.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29447
Title:
South Asian ethnicity and material deprivation increase the risk of Epstein-Barr virus infection in childhood Hodgkin's disease.
Authors:
Flavell, K.J.; Biddulph, J.P.; Powell, J.E.; Parkes, S.E.; Redfern, D.; Weinreb, M.; Nelson, Paul N.; Mann, J.R.; Young, Lawrence S.; Murray, Paul G.
Abstract:
In order to further define the factors associated with the observed variations in the Epstein-Barr virus-positive rate in childhood Hodgkin's disease, we have studied the effect of material deprivation (measured by the Townsend score) and ethnic origin on the frequency of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity in 55 cases of childhood Hodgkin's disease, diagnosed between 1981 and 1999, from a multi-ethnic region of the United Kingdom. Epstein-Barr virus status was determined by immunohistochemistry for the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein-1. 62% of cases were Epstein-Barr virus-positive. Ethnic group was the strongest predictor of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity, with South Asians having a more than 20-fold risk of being Epstein-Barr virus-positive compared with non-South Asians. An increased risk was still present after adjusting for deprivation. Townsend scores were significantly higher (indicating more deprivation) in the Epstein-Barr virus-positive group, particularly in males. The relative risk of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity showed a gradient with increasing Townsend score; the risk being 7-times higher in the most deprived quartile compared with the least deprived group. Although the association between Townsend score and Epstein-Barr virus-positivity was reduced after adjusting for ethnic group, the risk of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity was still 3-times higher in the most deprived compared with the least deprived quartile. In addition, cases having 2 or more siblings were 5-times as likely to be Epstein-Barr virus-positive as those from smaller families. These results provide the first evidence of a strong association between Epstein-Barr virus-positive Hodgkin's disease and South Asian children from the United Kingdom. In addition, deprivation may increase the likelihood of Epstein-Barr virus-positive disease independently of ethnicity.
Citation:
British Journal of Cancer, 85 (3): 350-6
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Journal:
British Journal of Cancer
Issue Date:
2001
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29447
DOI:
10.1054/bjoc.2001.1872
PubMed ID:
11487264
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v85/n3/abs/6691872a.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0007-0920
Appears in Collections:
Molecular Immunology Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFlavell, K.J.-
dc.contributor.authorBiddulph, J.P.-
dc.contributor.authorPowell, J.E.-
dc.contributor.authorParkes, S.E.-
dc.contributor.authorRedfern, D.-
dc.contributor.authorWeinreb, M.-
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Paul N.-
dc.contributor.authorMann, J.R.-
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Lawrence S.-
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Paul G.-
dc.date.accessioned2008-06-04T10:30:12Z-
dc.date.available2008-06-04T10:30:12Z-
dc.date.issued2001-
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Cancer, 85 (3): 350-6en
dc.identifier.issn0007-0920-
dc.identifier.pmid11487264-
dc.identifier.doi10.1054/bjoc.2001.1872-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/29447-
dc.description.abstractIn order to further define the factors associated with the observed variations in the Epstein-Barr virus-positive rate in childhood Hodgkin's disease, we have studied the effect of material deprivation (measured by the Townsend score) and ethnic origin on the frequency of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity in 55 cases of childhood Hodgkin's disease, diagnosed between 1981 and 1999, from a multi-ethnic region of the United Kingdom. Epstein-Barr virus status was determined by immunohistochemistry for the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein-1. 62% of cases were Epstein-Barr virus-positive. Ethnic group was the strongest predictor of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity, with South Asians having a more than 20-fold risk of being Epstein-Barr virus-positive compared with non-South Asians. An increased risk was still present after adjusting for deprivation. Townsend scores were significantly higher (indicating more deprivation) in the Epstein-Barr virus-positive group, particularly in males. The relative risk of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity showed a gradient with increasing Townsend score; the risk being 7-times higher in the most deprived quartile compared with the least deprived group. Although the association between Townsend score and Epstein-Barr virus-positivity was reduced after adjusting for ethnic group, the risk of Epstein-Barr virus-positivity was still 3-times higher in the most deprived compared with the least deprived quartile. In addition, cases having 2 or more siblings were 5-times as likely to be Epstein-Barr virus-positive as those from smaller families. These results provide the first evidence of a strong association between Epstein-Barr virus-positive Hodgkin's disease and South Asian children from the United Kingdom. In addition, deprivation may increase the likelihood of Epstein-Barr virus-positive disease independently of ethnicity.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v85/n3/abs/6691872a.htmlen
dc.subjectHodgkin's Diseaseen
dc.subjectEpstein-Barr virusen
dc.subjectEthnicityen
dc.subjectChildhooden
dc.subjectMaterial deprivationen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAntigens, Viralen
dc.subject.meshAsiaen
dc.subject.meshChildrenen
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen
dc.subject.meshEconomicsen
dc.subject.meshEpstein-Barr Virus Infectionsen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshImmunohistochemistryen
dc.subject.meshIn Situ Hybridizationen
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.subject.meshViral Matrix Proteinsen
dc.titleSouth Asian ethnicity and material deprivation increase the risk of Epstein-Barr virus infection in childhood Hodgkin's disease.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalBritish Journal of Canceren

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