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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Psychology of Health Research Group  > Conditions for the acceptance of deontic conditionals.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29441
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Title: Conditions for the acceptance of deontic conditionals.
Authors: Over, D.E.
Manktelow, Ken I.
Hadjichristidis, C.
Citation: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2004, 58 (2): 96-105
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Journal: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
Issue Date: 2004
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/29441
DOI: 10.1037/h0085800
PubMed ID: 15285599
Additional Links: http://psycnet.apa.org/?fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/h0085800
Abstract: Recent psychological research has investigated how people assess the probability of an indicative conditional. Most people give the conditional probability of q given p as the probability of if p then q. Asking about the probability of an indicative conditional, one is in effect asking about its acceptability. But on what basis are deontic conditionals judged to be acceptable or unacceptable? Using a decision theoretic analysis, we argue that a deontic conditional, of the form if p then must q or if p then may q, will be judged acceptable to the extent that the p & q possibility is preferred to the p & not-q possibility. Two experiments are reported in which this prediction was upheld. There was also evidence that the pragmatic suitability of permission rules is partly determined by evaluations of the not-p & q possibility. Implications of these results for theories of deontic reasoning are discussed.
Type: Article
Language: en
MeSH: Adolescent
Adult
Decision Making
Female
Humans
Judgment
Logic
Male
Probability
Statistics, Nonparametric
ISSN: 1196-1961
Appears in Collections: Psychology of Health Research Group

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