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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Exercise and Health > The effect of walking on fitness, fatness and resting blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomised, controlled trials

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/19352
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Title: The effect of walking on fitness, fatness and resting blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomised, controlled trials
Authors: Murphy, Marie H.
Nevill, Alan M.
Murtagh, Elaine M.
Holder, Roger L.
Citation: Preventive Medicine, 44(5): 377–385
Publisher: Elsevier Science Direct
Issue Date: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/19352
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.12.008
Additional Links: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/622934/description
Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this review was to perform a meta-analysis on walking intervention studies in order to quantify the magnitude and direction of walking-induced changes that may alter selected cardiovascular risk factors. Method. Twenty-four randomised controlled trials of walking were assessed for quality on a three-point scale. Data from these studies were pooled and treatment effects (TEs) were calculated for six traditional cardiovascular risk variables: body weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, aerobic fitness (VO2 max in ml kg−1 min−1) and resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Weighted TEs were analysed using a random effects model with weights obtained using the inverse of the individual TE variances. Random effects models were used to investigate the influence of both study quality and exercise volume (<150 vs. ≥150 min week−1). Results. Random effects modelling showed that walking interventions increased VO2 max and decreased body weight, BMI, percent body fat and resting diastolic blood pressure in previously sedentary adults (p<0.05 for all). Conclusion. The results of this study provide evidence that healthy but sedentary individuals who take up a programme of regular brisk walking improves several known risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Type: Article
Language: en
Description: Metadata only
Keywords: Walking
Cardiovascular risk
Fitness
Blood Pressure
Fatness
Meta-analysis
ISSN: 00917435
10960260
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Exercise and Health
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

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