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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance > Inverted BMI rather than BMI is a better proxy for percentage of body fat

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Title: Inverted BMI rather than BMI is a better proxy for percentage of body fat
Authors: Nevill, Alan M.
Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, Antonios
Metsios, Giorgos S.
Koutedakis, Yiannis
Holder, Roger L.
Kitas, George D.
Mohammed, Mohammed A.
Citation: Annals of Human Biology
Publisher: Informa UK, Ltd.
Journal: Annals of Human Biology
Issue Date: 2011
DOI: 10.3109/03014460.2011.606832
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Abstract: Background: Percentage of body fat (BF%) is a known risk factor for a range of healthcare problems but is difficult to measure. An easy to measure proxy is the weight/height2 ratio known as the Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2). However, BMI does have some inherent weaknesses which are readily overcome by its inverse iBMI (1000/BMI, cm2/kg). Methods: The association between BF% and both BMI and iBMI together with their distributional properties was explored using previously published data from healthy (n ¼ 2993) and diseased populations (n ¼ 298). Results: BMI is skewed whereas iBMI is symmetrical and so is better approximated by the normal distribution. The relationship between BF% and BMI is curved, but that of iBMI and BF% is linear and thus iBMI explains more of the variation in BF% than BMI. For example a unit increase in BMI for a group of thin women represents an increase of 2.3% in BF, but for obese women this represents only a 0.3% increase in BF—a 7-fold difference. The curvature stems from body mass being the numerator in BMI but the denominator in BF% resulting in a form of hyperbolic curve which is not the case with iBMI. Furthermore, BMI and iBMI have different relationships (interaction) with BF% for men and women, but these differences are less marked with iBMI. Conclusions: Overall, these characteristics of iBMI favour its use over BMI, especially in statistical models
Type: Article
Language: en
Description: Published on-line ahead of print
Keywords: Body mass index
Inverted body mass index
Body fat
ISSN: 0301-4460
Appears in Collections: Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

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