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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group > The effect of eccentric exercise on position sense and joint reaction angle of the lower limbs.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/111445
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Title: The effect of eccentric exercise on position sense and joint reaction angle of the lower limbs.
Authors: Paschalis, Vassilis
Nikolaidis, Michalis G.
Giakas, Giannis
Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.
Pappas, A.
Koutedakis, Yiannis
Citation: Muscle & nerve, 35(4): 496-503
Publisher: Wiley
Journal: Muscle & nerve
Issue Date: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/111445
DOI: 10.1002/mus.20723
PubMed ID: 17221879
Abstract: Impaired position sense and impaired joint reaction angle of the lower limbs after muscle-damaging activities is a serious functional limitation that may lead to an increased risk of injury, particularly in older populations. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether position sense and joint reaction angle to release can be affected by eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. Twelve women underwent an isokinetic exercise session of the lower limb. Isometric peak torque, delayed-onset muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase, position sense, and knee joint reaction angle to release were examined before, immediately after, and 24, 48, and 72 h post-exercise. Due to the effect of eccentric exercise, subjects persistently placed their lower limb at a more extended position, representing a shorter knee extensor muscle. Eccentric exercise increased the knee reaction angle of the lower limb after release from 0 degrees and 15 degrees but not from 30 degrees and 45 degrees . Position sense and joint reaction to release were similarly affected by eccentric exercise and independently of visual feedback. Position sense was impaired only immediately post-exercise (probably due to muscle fatigue), whereas impairment of the reaction angle to release persisted up to 3 days post-exercise (probably due to muscle damage). Attenuation of position sense and joint reaction angle of the lower limbs after damaging activities is a serious functional limitation that may lead to an increase risk of injury, particularly in older populations.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Creatine kinase
Delayed-onset muscle soreness
Isokinetic peak torque
Joint reaction angle
Position sense
MeSH: Adult
Creatine Kinase
Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Exercise
Female
Humans
Joints
Leg
Movement
Muscle Contraction
Muscle Strength Dynamometer
Muscle, Skeletal
Orientation
Predictive Value of Tests
Proprioception
ISSN: 0148-639X
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

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