University of Wolverhampton
Browse
Collection All
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
Listed communities
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet

Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > Research Institutes > Research Institute in Healthcare Science > Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group > The effects of muscle damage following eccentric exercise on gait biomechanics.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/111443
    Del.icio.us     LinkedIn     Citeulike     Connotea     Facebook     Stumble it!



Title: The effects of muscle damage following eccentric exercise on gait biomechanics.
Authors: Paschalis, Vassilis
Giakas, Giannis
Baltzopoulos, Vassilios
Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.
Theoharis, Vassilios
Kotzamanidis, Christos
Koutedakis, Yiannis
Citation: Gait & posture, 25 (2):236-42
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Gait & posture
Issue Date: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/111443
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.04.002
PubMed ID: 16714113
Abstract: To examine the effects of knee extensors muscle damage on walking and running biomechanics in healthy males. Muscle damage was caused by 60 (6x10) maximal eccentric knee flexions of both legs, selected in a random order, at an angular velocity of 1.05rad/s in 10 volunteers (mean age 20+/-1.0 years). Muscle damage indicators (creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), eccentric and isometric (110 degrees knee flexion) peak torque), pelvic three dimensional (3D) orientation, as well as hip, knee and ankle-joint flexion/extension angles during gait (walking at 1.2m/s and running at 2.8m/s) were assessed pre- and 48h post-eccentric exercise. All muscle damage indicators revealed significant changes post- compared to pre-exercise data (P<0.05) confirming that muscle damage did occur. Kinematic analysis revealed that muscle damage significantly decreased the knee-joint angle range of movement at the stance and swing phases during walking (P<0.05) and running (P<0.05), respectively. These changes were accompanied by corresponding increases of pelvic rotation (P<0.05) and decrease of pelvic tilt (P<0.05). The present data demonstrate that damage of knee extensors result in changes of treadmill walking and running kinematics at both knee joint and pelvis. The fact that these alterations occur at different gait phases could be attributed to the speed of movement and to a self-protection mechanism to prevent further damage.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Isokinetic
Torque
3D kinematics
Optoelectronic
MeSH: Adult
Biomechanics
Creatine Kinase
Exercise
Gait
Humans
Isometric Contraction
Knee Joint
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Male
Muscle Strength Dynamometer
Muscle, Skeletal
Pelvis
Range of Motion, Articular
Running
Torque
Walking
ISSN: 0966-6362
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.



Related articles on PubMed
bullet
The effects of muscle damage on walking biomechanics are speed-dependent.
Tsatalas T, Giakas G, Spyropoulos G, Paschalis V, Nikolaidis MG, Tsaopoulos DE, Theodorou AA, Jamurtas AZ, Koutedakis Y
2010 Nov
bullet
The effects of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage on running kinematics at different speeds.
Tsatalas T, Giakas G, Spyropoulos G, Sideris V, Lazaridis S, Kotzamanidis C, Koutedakis Y
2013
bullet
The effects of muscle damage on running economy in healthy males.
Paschalis V, Koutedakis Y, Baltzopoulos V, Mougios V, Jamurtas AZ, Theoharis V
2005 Dec
bullet
Comparison between leg and arm eccentric exercises of the same relative intensity on indices of muscle damage.
Jamurtas AZ, Theocharis V, Tofas T, Tsiokanos A, Yfanti C, Paschalis V, Koutedakis Y, Nosaka K
2005 Oct
bullet
See all 1067 articles

All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Fairtrade - Guarantees a better deal for Third World Producers

University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton, WV1 1LY

Course enquiries: 0800 953 3222, General enquiries: 01902 321000,
Email: enquiries@wlv.ac.uk | Freedom of Information | Disclaimer and copyright | Website feedback | The University as a charity

OR Logo Powered by Open Repository | Cookies