The effects of rest and subsequent training on selected physiological parameters in professional female classical dancers.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/106638
Title:
The effects of rest and subsequent training on selected physiological parameters in professional female classical dancers.
Authors:
Koutedakis, Yiannis; Myszkewycz, Lynn; Soulas, D.; Papapostolou, V.; Sullivan, I.; Sharp, N. C. Craig
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a six-week summer break and of dance preparations at the beginning of the new season following the break, on selected physiological parameters. Seventeen professional ballerinas (mean age 27.2 +/- 1.4 years, mean height 160.2 +/- 6.2 cm) volunteered. They were assessed just before and immediately after their normal summer break, during which very little or no physical work was reported. Eight of these dancers were assessed for a third time, 2-3 months after the end of the break, while they were into preparing for the new season. More specifically, compared to pre-break data, the six-weeks of holiday was followed by a 15% overall increase in the three flexibility tests (from 334 to 386 degrees, P < 0.01), a 14% increase in peak anaerobic power (from 350 to 400 watts; P < 0.01), a 16% increase in leg strength (from 143 to 166 Nm; P < 0.01) (i.e. the mean performance of left and right knee extension added to the mean performance of left and right knee flexion), and a 10% increase in VO2max (from 41.2 to 45.2 ml/kg/min; P < 0.05). The third set of data, 2-3 months after the end of the break, revealed further significant increases by 24% in leg-strength (P < 0.005) and 17% in VO2max (P < 0.01) compared to pre-holiday data. Despite the lack of a control group, the present results fit with the hypothesis of a degree of "burnout" at the end of the season, which negatively affected the mechanisms of fitness and conditioning. A six-week summer-break can act as a restorer of these mechanisms. Two to three months into the new season, positive adaptations to exercise appeared to confirm recovery from the "burnout" or overtraining phenomenon. More research is required on the effects of demanding dance schedules on fitness and conditioning, and how such schedules might adversely affect dance performance and dancers' careers.
Affiliation:
School of Health Sciences, Wolverhampton University, UK. y.koutedakis@uth.gr
Citation:
International journal of sports medicine, 20(6): 379-83
Publisher:
Georg Thieme
Journal:
International journal of sports medicine
Issue Date:
1999
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/106638
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-971148
PubMed ID:
10496117
Additional Links:
https://www.thieme-connect.de/ejournals/abstract/sportsmed/doi/10.1055/s-2007-971148
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0172-4622
Appears in Collections:
Dance Science

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKoutedakis, Yiannisen
dc.contributor.authorMyszkewycz, Lynnen
dc.contributor.authorSoulas, D.en
dc.contributor.authorPapapostolou, V.en
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, I.en
dc.contributor.authorSharp, N. C. Craigen
dc.date.accessioned2010-06-22T09:30:30Z-
dc.date.available2010-06-22T09:30:30Z-
dc.date.issued1999-
dc.identifier.citationInternational journal of sports medicine, 20(6): 379-83en
dc.identifier.issn0172-4622-
dc.identifier.pmid10496117-
dc.identifier.doi10.1055/s-2007-971148-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/106638-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a six-week summer break and of dance preparations at the beginning of the new season following the break, on selected physiological parameters. Seventeen professional ballerinas (mean age 27.2 +/- 1.4 years, mean height 160.2 +/- 6.2 cm) volunteered. They were assessed just before and immediately after their normal summer break, during which very little or no physical work was reported. Eight of these dancers were assessed for a third time, 2-3 months after the end of the break, while they were into preparing for the new season. More specifically, compared to pre-break data, the six-weeks of holiday was followed by a 15% overall increase in the three flexibility tests (from 334 to 386 degrees, P < 0.01), a 14% increase in peak anaerobic power (from 350 to 400 watts; P < 0.01), a 16% increase in leg strength (from 143 to 166 Nm; P < 0.01) (i.e. the mean performance of left and right knee extension added to the mean performance of left and right knee flexion), and a 10% increase in VO2max (from 41.2 to 45.2 ml/kg/min; P < 0.05). The third set of data, 2-3 months after the end of the break, revealed further significant increases by 24% in leg-strength (P < 0.005) and 17% in VO2max (P < 0.01) compared to pre-holiday data. Despite the lack of a control group, the present results fit with the hypothesis of a degree of "burnout" at the end of the season, which negatively affected the mechanisms of fitness and conditioning. A six-week summer-break can act as a restorer of these mechanisms. Two to three months into the new season, positive adaptations to exercise appeared to confirm recovery from the "burnout" or overtraining phenomenon. More research is required on the effects of demanding dance schedules on fitness and conditioning, and how such schedules might adversely affect dance performance and dancers' careers.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherGeorg Thiemeen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.thieme-connect.de/ejournals/abstract/sportsmed/doi/10.1055/s-2007-971148en
dc.subjectClassical danceen
dc.subjectOvertrainingen
dc.subjectDetrainingen
dc.subjectEstimated body faten
dc.subjectFlexibilityen
dc.subjectWingate testen
dc.subjectIsokinetic dynamometryen
dc.subjectTreadmill ergometryen
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshDancingen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMuscle, Skeletalen
dc.subject.meshPhysical Fitnessen
dc.subject.meshPliabilityen
dc.subject.meshRange of Motion, Articularen
dc.subject.meshResten
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen
dc.titleThe effects of rest and subsequent training on selected physiological parameters in professional female classical dancers.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Health Sciences, Wolverhampton University, UK. y.koutedakis@uth.gren
dc.identifier.journalInternational journal of sports medicineen
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