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Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > About

Quick Guides

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Getting started

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Welcome

If you've never used this repository before these quick guides will introduce you to it's core functions and assist you with finding content as well as navigating around the site.

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What is WIRE?

This is our institutional repository, or digital archive. It is intended to capture, store and preserve our research output and to make it available to the research community through Open Access protocols.

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How is it organized?

This repository is organised into a hierarchical structure of communities, sub-communities and collections, intended to correspond to an organisational hierarchy. Communities represent the top layer, which could reflect top-level departments, schools, centres or even smaller institutions within a parent company or consortium. Sub communities are a further division of the community. Collections are groups of related documents. It's essentially a simple file system that allows for as many layers as required.

For example, we have fourteen communities representing the University's different Schools and Research Institutes. The School of Engineering and the Built Environment community has no sub communities but it has a number of collections within it. On the other hand, the Research Institutes community is divided into a number of sub-communities: History and Governance, Policy Research, Healthcare Science, Information and Language Processing. Each one of these sub-communities has its own collections that gather together the works of specific research clusters.

Each community, sub-community and collection has its own home page which can be customised with an individual logo and information about their work and will be able to decide its own policies towards access restrictions and at the collection level who will be allowed to be able to submit.

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So what will you find here?

Currently, you will find final peer-reviewed drafts (post-prints) and published versions of journal articles, book chapters, conference papers, reports, art and design research outputs and theses. When you click on a link to a submitted item you will be taken to the item view page which list the key metadata for that item and links to the digital files if available. You might consider the item view page to be the abstract and the file itself to be the full text.

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Do you need to register?

You can search, browse and view all the open access content without having to register.



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Using search

There are two principal ways of finding content within this repository searching and browsing.
The simple search box appears in the top left hand corner of each page of the site with the exception of the submission form. Enter your search term and you're away.
You will find that there is an additional search box on each community, sub-community and collection home page. This search box will allow you to carry out a simple search at that level of hierarchy or any level below it using a drop down menu.
Here are a few tips on searching:

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The site search box

Search terms entered in the site search box will be searched against all indexed metadata fields ; as well as the full text for PDFs, Microsoft Word documents and RTF files.

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What is not searched - stop words

The search engine ignores certain words that occur frequently in English, but do not add value to the search. These are:
"a", "and" , "are" , "as" , "at" , "be" , "but" , "by" , "for" , "if" , "in" , "into",
"is" ,"it" ,"no" , "not" , "of" , "on" , "or" , "such", "the" , "to" , "was"

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Truncation

Use an asterisk (*) after a word stem to get all hits having words starting with that root, for example:
select*
will retrieve selects, selector, selectman, selecting etc

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Stemming

The search engine automatically expands words with common endings to include plurals, past tenses ...etc.

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Phrase searching

To search using multiple words as a phrase, put quotation marks (") around the phrase, for example:
"organisational change".

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Exact word match

Put a minus (-) sign before a word if it should not appear in the search results. Alternatively, you can use NOT. This can limit your search to eliminate unwanted hits. For instance, in the search:
training-cat or training NOT cat
you will get items containing the word "training", except those that also contain the word "cat".

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Eliminate items with unwanted words

Put a plus (+) sign before a word if it MUST appear in the search result. For instance, if the word "training" is optional, but the word "dog" must be in the result you would use:
+dog training

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Boolean searching

The following Boolean operators can be used to combine terms. Note that they must be CAPITALIZED ! AND - to limit searches to find items containing all words or phrases combined with this operator, e.g.
cats AND dogs
will retrieve all items that contain BOTH the words "cats" and "dogs". OR - to enlarge searches to find items containing any of the words or phrases surrounding this operator
cats OR dogs
will retrieve all items that contain EITHER the words "cats" or "dogs". NOT - to exclude items containing the word following this operator, e.g.
training NOT cat
will retrieve all items that contain the word "training" EXCEPT those also containing the word "cat". Parentheses can be used in the search query to group search terms into sets, and operators can then be applied to the whole set, e.g.
(cats OR dogs) AND (training OR discipline)


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Advanced search

Underneath the simple search box is a link to the advanced search page. The advanced search allows you to specify the metadata fields you wish to search, and to combine these searches with the Boolean "and", "or" or "not". You can search cross all of WIRE, or restrict your search to a community or collection using the top drop-down menu. Select the field to search in the left hand column and enter the word or phrase you are searching for in the right hand column. You can select the Boolean operator to combine searches by clicking on the arrow to the right of the "AND" box.
Note: You must use the input boxes in order. If you leave the first one blank your search will not work.

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Browsing

The various browse options are listed on the top right of the left-hand navigation bar.

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Browse by community/collection

This link will display the full hierarchy.

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The other browse options

The other browse options will allow you to browse the content. You can switch between browse lists, and choose different ordering and display options or jump to a specific location within the list.

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Date issued vs date submitted

The date issued is the date the work was first made publicly available, for example the date it was published in a journal.
The date submitted is the date the item was archived within WIRE. If the item has not been published before the date issued and date submitted dates will be the same.

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Browse within communities and collections

Each community and collection has additional browse options within it. Browsing a community will also browse any sub-communities or collections within it.

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Frequently Asked Questions

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What is WIRE?

WIRE is an open access online collection of research outputs by members of the University of Wolverhampton.

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What are the advantages of WIRE?

There is growing evidence that papers available in open access repositories like WIRE are cited more often than ones that are only available through subscription services. By placing your article in WIRE you can potentially reach a much wider audience and may increase the impact of your research. The bibliography of studies maintained by the Open Citation Project refers to much other research into the effect of open access on citation impact. See Steve Lawrence article ("online articles are more highly cited because of easier availability") Lawrence, Nature (2001) 411:521 and the Open Citation Project bibliography.

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Can I submit my article to WIRE if it has previously been published in a journal?

Yes. You need to publish your article either in a printed or in an electronic journal to benefit from the peer-review process. Depositing in WIRE is meant to help enhance the visibility and impact of your research.

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My article is available on my departmental website. Why should I submit it to WIRE?

You may wish to add a link to the full text of your article in WIRE from your own or a departmental web page. If you already have links to full-text articles from your own web page, you may wish to upload the papers into WIRE and then link to them. Some of the advantages of doing this are:
  • your paper may become more visible through Internet search engines such as Google: hits on WIRE are likely to be placed higher up the list of search results than a link from your personal web page, thus making your research more visible.
  • your paper can be retrieved through specialist search services
  • WIRE provides a robust system for the long term storage of your article and will continue to maintain your article should you move institution.
  • the use of relatively short and persistent URLs within WIRE makes referencing the online version of your paper easier and more reliable.


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Are there any copyright issues involved when I submit my article to WIRE?

Most publishers will accept the deposit in open access repositories of papers published in their journals, subject to certain conditions. The Romeo database provides a summary of the policies adopted by the major publishers (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php). WIRE staff can advise you and will be happy to check the copyright agreements relating to any material you would like to add to WIRE.

Please note that the electronic copy of the thesis will be made available via WIRE, the University's institutional repository. As such, you should be aware that substantial third party copyright material used in your thesis (e.g. substantial quotations from books or journals, pictures, photographs, maps etc) must be cleared for deposit with the copyright holder. 'Substantial' in copyright law does not only cover the amount used but also relates to the quality of the quotation. For further information on dealing with copyright issues please see Learning & Information Services website in the first instance (http://www.wlv.ac.uk/lib/info/copyright.aspx).

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Can I request an embargo on my article if I am not ready to make it freely available?

Yes, we will place your article in a dark archive in WIRE until you give permission for it to be made freely available on Open Access.

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How do I submit my article to WIRE?

There are two ways to get your research into WIRE. Repository staff can deposit the work on your behalf, or you can undertake the process yourself. This latter method is known as self-archiving. For more information, please refer to our guide to submitting content or contact the Repository Librarian, email: wire@wlv.ac.uk.

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What kind of material can I submit to WIRE?

Currently, we accept final peer-reviewed drafts (post-prints) and published versions of journal articles, book chapters, conference papers, reports, art and design research outputs and theses. You may submit your paper as a Word or PDF document. The preferred format for images is JPEG. Please contact us if you have questions about other formats.

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How will other researchers find my article?

Items in WIRE are harvested by dedicated repository search engines like OAIster and by popular Internet search engines like Google and Yahoo, so that your article can be found easily and cited by researchers worldwide.

E-theses in WIRE are also harvested by the British Library Electronic Theses Online System (EThOS), which enables users to access the full text of electronically stored UK theses via a single Web interface.

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Who can I contact if I have questions about WIRE?

We welcome questions about WIRE and Open Access. Please contact us at email: wire@wlv.ac.uk.

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What are your future plans for WIRE?

As WIRE has been created to help raise the profile of researchers at the University of Wolverhampton (UW), the repository will ultimately be developed to enable UW staff to create personalized web pages that contain additional information about themselves such as teaching and research interests, department, contact information (email, telephone, fax), a photo, if desired, link to and display all your work within your personal area in the repository, and create external links to other work. Ongoing work in digital preservation of items in WIRE will ensure that your work remains permanently available and readable.

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